Keep Your Software Up to Date
Operating system and third party software periodically update for security and enhancement reasons. Some updates may require a reboot of the system so remember to save and close any open files to protect your data.
BigFix is a widely adopted cross-platform endpoint management system utilized by private companies, government agencies, and academia. BigFix has a Patch Management module which can identify systems with applications that are out of date and allow system managers to take action to install patches and remediate issues. Berkeley Lab IT has adopted two modes of BigFix, one active the other passive. The Active Mode is recommended for most systems at the Lab, including laptops, desktops, and shared workstations. The Passive Mode is used primarily for monitoring and reporting on system status, software licensing, and asset management. BigFix can be downloaded from the Software Store.
Lastly, BigFix can help automate and manage your asset inventory. Berkeley Lab Property Management and IT have piloted a program to certify the existence of a DOE tagged asset. Any DOE-barcoded system running BigFix and present on the LBL network can be automatically verified for inventory purposes, without the barcode being scanned, see Help IT Automate Your Asset Inventory.
LBNL Cyber Security has defined the Minimum Security Requirements and all computers connected to the Berkeley Lab network must meet these requirements. One requirement is the installation of an antivirus software with automatic updates. Berkeley Lab IT has adopted Sophos as the enterprise solution. Sophos can be downloaded from the Software Store.
Use the Lab's VPN
When working off-site, always utilize Berkeley Lab's VPN. A Virtual Private Network is an encrypted connection over the Internet from your device to a network. Essentially when running VPN, your computer is on Berkeley Lab's secure network and enables you access to restricted resources such as FMS. Cisco VPN software can be downloaded from the Software Store.
Use Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)
Utilizing a two factor authentication process helps protect your online accounts and access to your resources. Berkeley Lab IT recommends everyone adopt MFA. Further details can be found on the MFA page.
Reboot Your Computer
You should reboot your computer at least once a week. This will ensure that all software updates are downloaded and installed in a system. This is one of the single most important things you can do to keep your system healthy.
Cleanup Files on your Machine
Low disk space can lead to poor system performance and problems with file integrity. You will want to clear browser cache/cookies and remove unnecessary data/software. Remember you have unlimited disk space on Google.
Third party software tools claim they can help with system clean up. Do not install CCleaner on Lab computers.
Your data is important so don't wait for that disaster. Be proactive and obtain a backup solution that meets your needs. Berkeley Lab IT offers Druva inSync as the enterprise backup tool, which can be purchased from the Software Store.
Google Drive / Team Drive
Ensure you are designated as the custodian of your computing devices. Property Management guidelines are described here. As the custodian of your computer, you are required to follow all cyber security requirements and protect your computer from loss or theft. If lost or stolen follow Instructions for Reporting Lost, Damaged, Destroyed or Stolen IT Assets.
Hostname Naming Conventions
In order to more easily identify the point of contact for desktop and laptop systems at the Lab, particularly when a cyber security event has been detected and the owner has to be notified, a naming convention for the computer's hostname is being used for standard deployments. Lab staff who do not utilize IT for workstation support should consider adopting the standard themselves.
The standard format is as follows: (LDAP username)-(OS Identifier)(last two digits of the DOE number located on the machine)
Example: cwnelson-x44 or cwnelson-w39
Virtual machine (VM)
- Use the standard format for a Physical Machine, but prefix the OS Identifier with the letter 'v'
- Use the last two digits of the host's DOE number (this is the computer that the VM will be running on)
Example: cwnelson-vt44 for a Windows 10 VM running on a host with the DOE number ending in 44
The current convention allows for for 1 VM of each type of OS on a given workstation.
Operating System identifiers
|Windows 8 or Windows 8.1||E||Eight|
|Mac OS X||M||Mac|
|Red Hat Linux Family||R||RHEL|
|Other Linux Family||L||Linux|
|BSD Unix Family (FreeBSD)||B||Berkeley|
|Virtual Machine||Va||Virtual where a denotes the OS Version, i.e. VT is a virtual Windows 10 system|