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    Acquisition of Goods and Services

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    Policy Summary

    This policy defines the guidelines and requirements for acquiring goods and services at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). The authority to make contractual commitments through acquisition transactions has been specifically delegated to individuals primarily assigned to the Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO)/Procurement & Property Management Department.

    Who Should Read This Policy

    All Berkeley Lab employees

    To Read the Full Policy, Go To:

    The POLICY tab on this wiki page

    Contact Information

    Chief Procurement Officer


    Acquisition of Goods and Services

    Publication date:


    Effective date:



    A. Purpose

    This policy defines the guidelines and requirements for acquiring goods and services at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).

    B. Persons Affected

    All Berkeley Lab employees

    C. Exceptions


    D. Policy Statement

    D.1 Overview

    1. General Information

    The Procurement & Property Management Department is responsible for acquiring goods and services and for the management of Berkeley Lab personal property assets necessary for the Lab to fulfill its scientific mission. Goods and services must only be purchased to support business needs. All individuals, including requesters, technical representatives, approvers, and purchase card (PCard) holders, need to ensure that requests and purchases are essential for Berkeley Lab business and are not above what is absolutely necessary to accomplish Berkeley Lab's mission.
    Berkeley Lab has a purchasing system approved by the Department of Energy (DOE) that establishes its procurement authority. This authority allows us to execute our acquisitions with limited DOE transactional approval. Non-compliance with procurement policies and procedures, which are a part of the overall purchasing system, could result in Berkeley Lab's approval authority being restricted or in revocation of the DOE's approval of Berkeley Lab's purchasing system.
    In accordance with the approved purchasing system, Berkeley Lab has a responsibility to ensure that:

    1. We act as stewards of public funds, and ensure any item that is purchased is essential for Berkeley Lab business and is not above what is absolutely necessary to accomplish Berkeley Lab's mission.
    2. Purchases are made using established acquisition methods, including eBuy, PCard, ePro, and the software download page. For additional information on established acquisition methods, see the Procurement & Property Management Make a Purchase web page.
    3. Acquisitions are subject to competition to the maximum extent possible, and are consistent with Berkeley Lab's mission and objectives.
    4. All subcontractors are treated fairly and impartially.
    5. Small business concerns are provided a maximum practicable opportunity to compete for Berkeley Lab's acquisitions.
    6. All acquisition actions comply with applicable laws and regulations and the University of California-DOE Prime Contract requirements, as well as procurement policies and procedures.
    7. Costs paid by Berkeley Lab are fair, reasonable, and appropriate for expenditure of federal government funds.

    The authority to make contractual commitments through acquisition transactions has been specifically delegated to individuals primarily assigned to the Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO)/Procurement & Property Management Department. Only these formally designated individuals may commit Berkeley Lab to the expenditure of funds. Purchases or commitments made by individuals without delegated procurement authority are considered unauthorized and undergo a ratification process to determine whether the unauthorized acquisition would otherwise have been proper and in the best interests of Berkeley Lab. Individuals making commitments without delegated authority are subject to corrective and/or disciplinary action and may be responsible for payment of charges incurred. See information on unauthorized commitments in Section D.1.7, Unauthorized Commitments and the Ratification Process, and on the Acquisition Planning webpage on the  Procurement & Property Management website.
    In addition, Laboratory employees may be held personally or criminally liable for actions that are not consistent with the equitable treatment of subcontractors and the appropriate expenditures of federal government funds.
    The information in this section is intended to provide general rules governing the acquisition process; it is not intended to be an exhaustive guide to acquisition requirements. Berkeley Lab employees should refer to information available on the Procurement & Property Management website and direct specific questions to the appropriate Procurement personnel. Inquiries regarding acquisitions can be emailed to the Procurement Help Desk at [email protected].

    2. Restricted Purchases
    1. Under the terms of the UC-DOE Prime Contract, certain types of purchases are prohibited and other types of purchases may be made only after obtaining special approvals. Examples are provided in the Cost Allowability Policy and are specifically addressed in the Restricted Items List. The Restricted Items List includes both prohibited items and special treatment items. In addition, items purchased must be essential for Berkeley Lab business use and not above what is absolutely necessary to accomplish Berkeley Lab's mission.
      1. Requesters are expected to review the Restricted Items List before submitting an ePro requisition or placing an order on eBuy to ensure that no prohibited items are ordered. Items such as alcohol, decorative items, and food and related supplies for employees or routine meetings, including bottled water, coffee and coffee accessories, cups, plates, and utensils (among other items not listed here) are on the Restricted Items List and are not allowable.
    2. Special treatment items require special internal approvals or safety measures. These items may be purchased only when the specified requirements are met. Certain items in this category may not be purchased using a division PCard and must be requested with an ePro requisition. Special treatment items allowed to be purchased through the eBuy application are automatically routed to the designated organizations for approval. eBuy purchasers must still comply with safety and other requirements associated with purchases of special treatment items.
    3. Organizational Conflict of Interest (OCI)
    1. It is Berkeley Lab's policy to identify and to avoid, neutralize, or mitigate OCIs before:
      1. Entering into subcontracts or agreements (hereinafter referred to as a subcontract) for advisory and assistance services, or
      2. Purchasing goods or services that are the direct result of subcontractor recommendations from advisory and assistance services.
    2. If an OCI cannot be avoided, neutralized, or mitigated, Berkeley Lab will either disqualify the supplier or obtain DOE approval prior to entering into a subcontract with the supplier.
    3. An OCI means that a relationship or situation exists in which an offeror has past, present, or currently planned interests that relate to the work to be performed under a Berkeley Lab subcontract and that the conflict may reasonably:
      1. Diminish the offeror's capacity to give impartial, technically sound, and/or objective assistance or advice, and/or
      2. Result in the offeror's being given an unfair competitive advantage.
    4. Advisory and assistance services can mean the furnishing of professional advice or assistance rendered to improve the effectiveness of Laboratory management processes or procedures (including those of an engineering and technical nature). In rendering the foregoing services, outputs may take the form of information, advice, opinions, alternatives, analyses, evaluations, recommendations, training, and the day-to-day aid of support personnel needed for the successful performance of ongoing Berkeley Lab operations.
    5. Advisory and assistance services are classified in one of the following definitional subdivisions:
      1. Engineering or technical services.
      2. Management support or professional services.
      3. Studies, analyses, and evaluations.
    4. Personal Conflict of Interest
    1. It is University policy to separate an employee's University and private interests and to safeguard the University and its employees against charges of favoritism and self-dealing in the purchase of goods and services.
    2. To avoid conflicts of interest in connection with purchases, employees are generally prohibited from making or participating in the making of a decision relating to the award, negotiation, or administration of a subcontract if the employee has a financial interest with regard to the decision as described in the University of California Conflict of Interest Code.
    3. California state law prohibits University employees from engaging in outside activities that are funded through a University contract.
    4. "University employees" means current or former employees of the University of California (UC), UC Campuses, UC Office of the President, UC Medical Centers, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).
    5. Certain restrictions apply to:
      1. Post-employment subcontracts with former University employees.
      2. Purchases of goods and services when the transaction involves an employee-vendor relationship (i.e., purchases from a University employee, former employee, or the near relative of an employee).
    6. Refer to the Conflict of Interest Policy for additional information, and contact the Procurement Help Desk for clarification if necessary.
    5. Emergency Acquisitions During an Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Event
    1. An emergency circumstance is any circumstance requiring that an acquisition be made in order to avoid, eliminate, or reduce imminently hazardous or destructive situations involving persons or property, including the potential loss of important experimental data or hardware.

    2. The Laboratory will notify employees of initiation of an EOC Event. If an emergency circumstance arises during a designated EOC event, the requester must contact the Procurement department so Procurement may coordinate with the OCFO Finance Section Chief and the EOC Emergency Director to verify the need for the acquisition.
    3. Requesters will be required to submit a requisition for the acquisition if the Financial Management System (FMS) is up and running. If FMS is not available, or the requester is not able to provide a requisition, this must be communicated to Procurement and a requisition will be required to be submitted by the requester immediately after the EOC event has been concluded.
    4. Additional approvals may be required based on the dollar value of the acquisition.
    5. Only Laboratory employees may request emergency acquisitions.
    6. Emergency Acquisitions Outside of an EOC Event
    1. An emergency circumstance is any circumstance requiring that an acquisition be made in order to avoid, eliminate, or reduce imminently hazardous or destructive situations involving persons or property, including the potential loss of important experimental data or hardware.

    2. If an emergency circumstance arises during normal working hours, employees must contact Procurement or utilize a division PCard to obtain emergency-related materials or services.
    3. In the event of emergency circumstances outside of normal working hours, when normal acquisition methods are not available, employees are permitted to purchase items that have a low-value price. Acquisitions for high-value items require the approval of the requester's Division Director. Payments may be completed by either below method:
      1. Travel Charge Card. When on pre-approved travel status, employees are allowed to use their Berkeley Lab travel charge card for the purchase of low-value items needed in the course of their work under emergency circumstances. The limit on miscellaneous business expenses while on travel is determined by the traveler's division/department based on business need. Reimbursement requires submittal of a travel expense report approved by the original approver of the trip. The required documentation (receipts, etc.) and limits are governed by Berkeley Lab travel policies contained in the Travel Policy.
      2. Personal Credit Card or Cash. Purchases made for business-related goods or services under emergency circumstances using a personal credit card or cash may be reimbursable by completing a Payment Request, which must be approved by an authorized signer in the Laboratory's Signature Authorization System (SAS). Guidance for completing a Payment Request can be found on the Accounts Payable website. Original receipts are required. See the Payment Requests Policy for more information.
    4. In instances where a vendor provides goods or services to the Lab in an emergency, and the vendor remains unpaid (the individual did not pay with personal funds), the individual responsible for making an emergency commitment must notify Procurement no later than the first business day after the occurrence, and provide the following items the same day as the notification to Procurement in order to process payment to the vendor:
      1. An approved ePro requisition.
      2. A written justification for the emergency purchase.
    5. Legitimate emergency commitments made outside of normal working hours where the vendor remains unpaid (the individual did not pay with personal funds) will not be processed as unauthorized commitments as long as appropriate requisitions, approvals, and written emergency justification are provided on the first business day following the occurrence.
    6. Generally, when the purchase is made in California, the supplier must be advised that Berkeley Lab holds a California state seller's permit, also known as a Resale Certificate, and California state sales tax does not apply. See the Sales and Use Tax (STX) Guidelines document for specific information on when taxes would apply.
    7. Unauthorized Commitments and the Ratification Process
    1. Entering into purchase commitments, subcontracts, modifying subcontracts, or terminating subcontracts by individuals without delegated procurement authority are considered unauthorized commitments and must undergo a ratification process through Procurement. For more information on the process and what constitutes an unauthorized commitment, see the Acquisition Planning web page on the Procurement website. Some examples of unauthorized commitments include, but are not limited to:

      1. Committing the expenditure of Berkeley Lab funds by an individual with no delegated procurement authority.

      2. Requesting or accepting goods or services from a supplier when a subcontract has not been awarded (note: requisitions are not subcontracts).

      3. Authorizing a supplier to perform work or deliver goods without written, delegated procurement authority.

      4. Authorizing work that exceeds the total allowable expenditures or that extends beyond the current term of a subcontract.

      5. Ordering goods or services that are outside of the scope of the subcontract.

      6. Authorizing an order under a blanket subcontract or master agreement without formal designation in the subcontract or master agreement as having authority to issue orders.

      7. Improper use of a Berkeley Lab PCard.

      8. Directing another person to do any of the above, whether intentionally or unintentionally.

    2. If you suspect an unauthorized commitment has been made, contact the Procurement Help Desk so that Procurement can inform the supplier, notify the responsible individual, and initiate a ratification process. If the commitment is ratified, the procurement specialist will issue a subcontract to the supplier so that work or shipments can commence or continue, and the supplier can be paid.

    D.2 Acquisition Planning

    There are established acquisition methods for acquiring goods and services, including eBuy, PCard, ePro, and the software download page (software.lbl.gov). Certain expenditures or commitments, such as employee travel, library purchases, and legal services, are governed by established policies and procedures managed by other Berkeley Lab departments.

    Before initiating a goods purchase, check the Berkeley Lab's Excess Property list on the Property Management website for the item or material required.
    If a purchase is necessary, refer to the Make a Purchase section of the Procurement website for general information on available acquisition methods. Review the Purchasing Guide on the Procurement website for detailed information on the recommended acquisition method for the intended purchase. In addition, divisions may have additional purchasing related requirements.

    1. Advance Planning
    1. The acquisition process starts with advance planning. The level of acquisition planning is dependent on the dollar value and complexity of the proposed subcontract.
    2. Advance planning is an essential tool for both requisitioning organizations and Procurement because it provides a method for early notification of intended requirements and an understanding of the entire acquisition process from inception through completion. The information gathered at this stage can also be used for budgeting and scheduling purposes. Procurement uses such information for:
      1. Planning and estimating the work and workload requirements.
      2. Identifying opportunities for awards to small business concerns.
      3. Identifying opportunities for competition.
      4. Identifying acquisitions of "covered services" (see section D.3. below for more detail)
      5. Consolidating similar requirements on an institution-wide basis.
      6. Notifying the DOE of actions that may require its approval.
      7. Acquisition planning also enables procurement specialists to become involved in the acquisition process as early as possible. This early involvement helps ensure that the work meets the mission or program needs.
    3. The Advance Acquisition Alert form, available on the Procurement Forms web page, shall be used by requesters to notify Procurement of planned acquisitions of $500,000 or more as soon as a need for a subcontract is known. The requester must provide sufficient advance notice to allow for long lead time items, required approvals, and negotiation of terms and conditions. A procurement specialist will be assigned to consult with the requester to plan for the acquisition and appropriately document the acquisition planning decisions. The Small Business Office and the procurement specialist will work with the requester to develop source lists and ensure small business concerns are provided the maximum practical opportunity to participate in the acquisition.
    2. Lead Times
    1. For the acquisition process to work most efficiently, the following acquisition lead times should be considered:
      1. The requisition lead time (i.e., the time it takes the requester to prepare and submit a complete and approved requisition package to Procurement).
      2. The lead time Procurement needs to obtain and evaluate offers; conduct negotiations of pricing and other terms as necessary; obtain required approvals; obtain insurance coverage if required; and award a subcontract for the requirement.
      3. The subcontractor's performance lead time necessary to deliver the required goods or services.
    2. If the requirement is urgent, the requester should explain the urgency to the procurement specialist as soon as possible. If accelerated performance from a subcontractor is required, the requesting organization may have to pay for premium time, and costs may substantially increase.
    3. Additional approvals, including DOE approvals, and other determinations may be required before a particular subcontract may be awarded. When any other factors exist, they should be addressed in the requisition with the appropriate checkboxes marked, comments added in designated sections, and the necessary attachments or documentation included to ensure more efficient processing of the acquisition.
    3. Defining the Requirement
    1. Purchase requisitions should:
      1. Describe the goods or services required in a general manner to foster competition. If a specific item is requested, provide sufficient detail for the requested item (manufacturer, model number, etc.)
      2. Include a confirmation that the item is listed by a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory (NRTL) if the item is electrical equipment over 50 volts. See Section 4, Unique Purchases, below for more detail on the NRTL requirement.
      3. State Berkeley Lab's minimum requirements.
      4. To the fullest extent practicable, not favor one brand or trade-name article, manufacturer, or supplier over others.
      5. Include the contact information for any suggested suppliers.
      6. Include or attach any required sponsor terms and conditions that must be included in the resulting subcontract.
      7. Use the appropriate item category codes to ensure the requisition is routed for required approvals or notifications and receives the appropriate burdens.
      8. Indicate if any services will be performed on-site.
      9. Indicate if the work will include hands-on work, requiring a Subcontractor Job Hazard Analysis (SJHA), or no hands-on work, which will not require an SJHA.
      10. Indicate the desired service begin and end dates or requested due dates for goods.
      11. Indicate if there are any specific quality requirements or acceptance criteria (see Section D.3.5, Quality Assurance (QA), for more information).
      12. Be submitted with any known required documents (e.g., a statement of work, a sole source justification, a request for consultant services form, or a technical review memorandum). For guidance, see the Acquisition Preparation Matrix on the Acquisition Planning webpage. 
    2. Adequately describing the purchase requirement helps ensure timely requisition processing. Purchase requirements must be clearly defined on the requisition or an attached specification, scope of work, or statement of work, which identifies deliverables and specific quality requirements or acceptance criteria.
    3. Items should be identified by a generic noun (e.g., "personal computer"), defining adjective, and any other useful description. Items specified by a brand name (such as a model number and manufacturer) will be processed as "brand name or equal" to allow for fair and effective competition if another brand of equal capability can be accepted. Berkeley Lab's minimum requirements must be described in detail to fairly evaluate any offers received for that product or service.
    4. Unique Purchases
    1. Construction and Architect-Engineer (A&E) Subcontracts
      1. Subcontracts for architect-engineer services will be executed in accordance with Procurement policies and procedures. Selection of subcontractors will be based primarily on the offeror's professional qualifications, relative experience and competence, and past performance. Cost, price, or other factors may also be considered in the selection of A&E subcontractors. With the exception of design-and-build subcontracts, no subcontract for construction work will be awarded to the subcontractor that prepared the design, or its subsidiaries or affiliates, unless approved by the DOE.
      2. Subcontracts for construction will be executed in accordance with Procurement policies and procedures, and applicable laws and regulations. In the event of a conflict between state of California and federal requirements, federal requirements will be given precedence. Subcontracts for construction, alteration, or repair of Berkeley Lab facilities are subject to the federal Wage Rate Requirements (Construction), formerly known as the Davis-Bacon Act, which requires that laborers and mechanics receive no less than prevailing wages established by the Department of Labor.
    2. Electrical Equipment
      1. All electrical equipment must be approved for use at Berkeley Lab (including remote work locations), or at any subcontractor facility, through the Electrical Equipment Safety Program (EESP). The purpose of the EESP is to ensure the safe installation and use of electrical equipment. Unsafe electrical equipment can pose serious electrocution and fire hazards unless identified by qualified electrical inspectors and remedied by qualified electrical workers.
        1. LBNL policy requires that all electrical equipment greater than 50 volts is listed by a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory (NRTL). NRTL-Listed equipment consists of any electrical equipment that has been accepted, certified, labeled, or listed by an NRTL recognized by OSHA.
        2. NRTL-Listed equipment is automatically considered acceptable, and is approved for use provided the equipment is not modified and is installed and used within the manufacturer's listing intent.
      2. Electrical equipment (including borrowed or rented equipment) that has not been listed or accepted by an NRTL may not be used until it has been inspected by the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ).
    3. Fabrications: Equipment or materials unavailable from commercial sources may be fabricated at Berkeley Lab by job order request to Engineering or outside Berkeley Lab through a subcontract. The Budget Office will determine whether a fabrication should be charged to an operations equipment account. Requests for such determinations should be accompanied by a statement explaining the need for the item, a description or drawing, the desired fabrication schedule, and a cost estimate for fabrication or installation.
    4. Precious Metals: Eight DOE-identified precious metals — gold, iridium, osmium, palladium, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, and silver — are special treatment items. Precious metals must be acquired through Property Management unless Property Management has informed the requester that its inventory is not sufficient to satisfy the requirement. A Request for Precious Metals form shall be submitted to Property Management by the requester. If inventory of a precious metal is insufficient, the acquisition must be requested by an ePro requisition authorized by a Berkeley Lab career employee. Only Berkeley Lab employees can be precious metal custodians.
    5. Acquisition of Excess Property from Other DOE/Federal Entities: Berkeley Lab is authorized to obtain used equipment or materials from federal government excess-material lists. Requests for acquisition of excess property are processed by Property Management and require DOE approval. Requirements for equipment or sensitive property must be coordinated with Property Management after, or concurrent with, these consultations. All excess property coming on-site, regardless of purpose, must be cleared by the Environment, Safety, and Health Division prior to use. Requesters should contact their division safety coordinator to facilitate clearance.
    6. Borrowing and Vendor Lending Agreements
      1. Under limited circumstances, Berkeley Lab may be able to obtain equipment for temporary use through the following agreements:
        1. Berkeley Lab may borrow personal property from other DOE facilities, other federal agencies, or private sector organizations (e.g., educational, research, or nonprofit), but not suppliers (see Property Management Services website — Borrow for Use section for additional information). Property Management utilizes the lending organization's documentation (lending agreement) to establish the borrow file.
        2. Arranging for equipment to be borrowed from a supplier must be handled by utilizing the Vendor Lending Agreement in accordance with the Vendor Lending Agreement Process document, available on the Procurement Forms web page.
          1. When the standard Vendor Lending Agreement will be accepted by the supplier without adjustments to terms, the agreement may be processed by the division in coordination with Property Management and does not require Procurement involvement.
          2. When the standard Vendor Lending Agreement will not be accepted by the supplier without adjustments to terms, Procurement is responsible for documenting the loan agreement in writing and signing the loan agreement for Berkeley Lab.
      2. All property/equipment borrowed from others must be reviewed and approved by the Environment, Safety, and Health Division prior to its use on-site. Electrical property that has not been listed or accepted by a NRTL may not be used until it has been inspected by the AHJ. Borrowers of property/equipment should contact their division safety coordinator to facilitate clearance.
      3. The division borrower is responsible for managing and controlling the asset until it is formally acquired or returned to the borrowing DOE facility, federal agency, private sector organization, or supplier.
      4. (see the Procurement Forms web page to download the sheet)
    7. Controlled Substances: Controlled substances cannot be purchased unless there is a valid Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) registration in place to cover the planned work. If a registration does not exist, the requester must coordinate well in advance with the Controlled Substances Program Administrator in the EH&S Division. Controlled substances are on the Restricted Items List, which will flag review by the Controlled Substances Program Administrator.

    D.3 Laboratory Requirements Affecting Acquisitions

    1. In-House Cost/Price Estimates

    Before solicitation, Berkeley Lab should have a cost/price estimate for the goods or services to be purchased (i.e., the estimated price of the subcontract). It is generally the requester's responsibility to develop the estimate. The estimate can range from a simple price estimate to a complex cost estimate based on the requester's assessment of the labor, materials, and other quantitative elements of performance. A detailed, independent cost estimate must be prepared for all construction work expected to exceed $250,000.

    2. Small Business Requirements 

    The Berkeley Lab has requirements in its Prime Contract to provide maximum practicable opportunities in its acquisitions to small business, veteran-owned small business, service-disabled veteran-owned small business, HUBZone small business, small disadvantaged business, and women-owned small business concerns. Requesters should work with the assigned procurement specialist to help identify small businesses capable of meeting acquisition requirements of the Lab. 

    3. Environment, Safety, and Health

    Subcontractors performing work at a Berkeley Lab site are subject to the variance to DOE Worker Safety and Health Program regulation of Title 10, Part 851, of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR 851). The approved variance allows the subcontractor to follow applicable California Department of Labor Codes such as California Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (Cal-OSHA) safety and health regulations in Title 8, including an Injury and Illness Prevention Program (IIPP), in lieu of specified provisions in 10 CFR Part 851, Subparts B and C, and Appendix A. Subcontractors are required to take all reasonable precautions at Berkeley Lab sites to protect the environment, safety, and health (ES&H) of all persons involved, and to comply with all applicable ES&H regulations and requirements of Berkeley Lab and the DOE. Berkeley Lab may stop the particular work any time a subcontractor fails to comply.

    4. Subcontractor Safety

    Berkeley Lab is required to ensure that subcontractor personnel who perform work at Berkeley Lab facilities do so in a safe manner in compliance with applicable regulations (see SJHA Process — Subcontractor Job Hazards Analysis in the ES&H Manual). Before subcontractors can perform "hands-on work" (see the definition in the ES&H Manual (formerly PUB 3000), Section 31.6) at Berkeley Lab facilities, a Subcontractor Job Hazards Analysis (SJHA) for Non-Construction Activities form must be completed and reviewed. Specific information on the SJHA process, contacts, guidance by role, and access to the form are available at the EH&S SJHA and Work Authorization website. Typically, the requester obtains and fills in Section 1 (Identification) of the online SJHA form. The requisition preparer will obtain the SJHA form link from the requester and enter it into the ePro requisition. Upon award of the subcontract, Procurement provides the subcontractor with this unique link to complete the SJHA or instructs the subcontractor that the requester will provide the link once the on-site portion of the work will be required. The subcontractor identifies safety risks involved for the work and the methods that will be used to control them on the SJHA.

    5. Quality Assurance (QA)
    1. In conjunction with the Office of Institutional Assurance and Integrity (OIAI) QA Program Manager, the requester will identify the QA requirements that apply to a subcontract, in accordance with the Laboratory's Institutional Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) (LBNL/PUB-3111). Additional information can be found on the OIAI QA web page. OIAI will be involved in developing QA requirements for solicitations and subcontracts under all capital asset projects. The requester must identify any specific quality requirements or acceptance criteria for the subcontract on the purchase requisition, or an attached specification or statement of work. The need for, type of, and extent of quality requirements depend on the particular circumstances, and may range from inspection at the time of acceptance, to a requirement for a subcontractor to have and implement an established, documented QA Program.
      1. In identifying quality requirements, the requester should consider:
        1. The risk(s) associated with a nonconformance or failure of the product or service to operations, research, safety, health, or the environment, specifically, the:
          1. adverse impact(s) associated with a nonconformance or failure of the product or service to executing operations, meeting subcontract and other requirements, performing research/scientific activities, ensuring personnel/worker and environmental safety and health, and/or meeting milestones and deliverables.
          2. Likelihood of adverse impact(s) to occur.
        2. The mitigations that are in place to reduce or lower the risk(s), such as validation of established supplier QA programs; third party accreditation of supplier QA programs; suppliers' similar past experience in the work being procured; commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) items; use of reputable, established suppliers; and positive historical supplier performance.
      2. When the requester identifies, or a subcontractor identifies and notifies the requestor of, potential or actual suspect and/or counterfeit items during inspection and/or acceptance activities, the requester must contact the OIAI. An individual in this office will determine whether the item is suspect and/or counterfeit. The requester is responsible for obtaining a documented technical justification by a Laboratory technical expert (e.g., AHJ, building code official, or professional engineer) prior to using a nonconforming item and providing a copy to the OIAI.
    2. The requisition must clearly identify where any required acceptance testing will be performed and Berkeley Lab's role in the testing and/or required reports of testing results.
    3. All purchased non-commercial goods must be new/unused. Procurement must obtain DOE Contracting Officer approval to purchase used, reconditioned, or remanufactured non-commercial goods. Procurement can purchase such items if they meet the federal government's definition of commercial items.
    4. An appropriate technical staff member or engineer must also approve, and document the approval for, the use of reconditioned or remanufactured item(s) in accordance with the Laboratory's Institutional QAPD (LBNL/PUB-3111).
    5. For subcontracts on capital asset projects, the OIAI, or its designee, will assist in identifying the subcontractor QA requirements for solicitations and, prior to notices to proceed being issued, review the subcontractor's quality capability and program. A list of capital asset projects can be obtained by contacting the Laboratory Project Management Office.
    6. Organizational Conflict of Interest (OCI) Planning Requirements
    1. Requisitions and statements of work will be reviewed by Procurement to determine whether the work falls within the definition of "advisory and assistance services." If it is determined that the work is advisory and assistance services, the requester may be required to fill out an OCI Pre-Procurement Fact Sheet (see the Procurement Forms web page to download the sheet) to aid in evaluating the potential for an OCI. The solicitation must include an OCI clause and require the offerors to disclose their various interests related to the acquisition.
    2. Procurement will review and evaluate all relevant facts to determine whether an actual or significant potential exists for an OCI with respect to a particular offer. This applies to the initial award and any proposed follow-on work for continued subcontracting with the same supplier. If the potential exists, steps must be taken to avoid, neutralize, or mitigate it. If appropriate actions are taken to satisfactorily avoid or neutralize an OCI, the subcontract can be awarded. If an actual or potential OCI can only be mitigated, a mitigation plan must be prepared. If a mitigation plan is made, or if the award will be made notwithstanding the OCI, approval must be obtained from the Chief Procurement Officer, Laboratory Counsel, and the DOE.
    3. Refer to the Conflict of Interest Policy for additional information.
    7. Use of the Name of the University of California (UC)

    Subcontractors are prohibited from using the name of the UC, the Laboratory, or the DOE in any news releases, advertising, speeches, technical papers, photographs, and other releases of information regarding the subcontractor's work for the Laboratory, except with prior written approval of the Chief Communications Officer. Publications must be submitted to the University technical representative for review in accordance with the terms and conditions of the subcontract.

    8. Insurance and Indemnification
    1. Berkeley Lab may require subcontractors to maintain liability insurance when:
      1. The work is performed on Berkeley Lab, federal government, or third party premises; or
      2. Government-furnished property is provided to a subcontractor; or
      3. The nature of the work poses a significant potential risk to the University and the federal government.
    2. No subcontractor may be indemnified unless prior approval is obtained from DOE Headquarters. The procurement specialist will consult with Laboratory Counsel on any request by a subcontractor for indemnification.
    3. Prior to commencing work that requires insurance, the procurement specialist will:
      1. Ensure an acceptable insurance certificate and required endorsements are received, if required by the subcontract, and
      2. Issue a notice to proceed, should one be required.
    9. Patents, Data, and Copyrights

    Under the UC-DOE Prime Contract, Berkeley Lab is required to protect the federal government's interests in inventions and technical data by including the appropriate related clauses in its subcontracts. These clauses basically concern such matters as patent rights, rights to data (including copyrights), and patent and copyright infringement (see the Software Disclosure and Distribution Policy, Patents — Publication Review Policy, Patents — Record of Invention Policy, and Post-Award Subcontract Administration policy for requester/technical representative responsibilities related to this subject). Identification by the requester of any potential intellectual property issues will be done by the requester during the technical analysis portion of the acquisition. The requester may directly consult with the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) to discuss potential intellectual property issues.

    10. Foreign Travel

    A Berkeley Lab division must obtain DOE approval for each request for foreign travel by a subcontractor before the travel occurs. Specific information regarding this process, including what is considered foreign travel, is provided on the Foreign Travel web page. The traveler must receive final DOE approval in the Foreign Travel Management System (FTMS) prior to traveling. Travel arrangements authorized without DOE approval and not recorded within FTMS are at the risk of the traveler and may not be reimbursable.

    11. Sales Tax

    In most cases, Berkeley Lab does not pay California sales tax because most of its purchases are considered to be "for resale" to the federal government, and therefore Berkeley Lab has been granted a California state reseller's permit, also known as a Resale Certificate. This reseller's permit does not apply to leases/rentals, materials and fixtures used to make improvements to real property, items to be drop-shipped outside of California, or property that will not be owned by DOE.

    12. Buy American Act

    Under the federal Buy American Act and similar laws, most materials and products that Berkeley Lab procures must be manufactured, mined, or produced in the United States unless a specific exception applies.

    13. Wage Rate Requirements (Construction) (Formerly known as the Davis-Bacon Act) and the Service Contract Labor Standards (Formerly known as the Service Contract Act)
    1. The Wage Rate Requirements (Construction) requires that construction laborers and mechanics employed directly at the work site be paid not less than the prevailing wage rates and fringe benefits as determined by the Department of Labor (DOL) in a wage determination. The requirements and the applicable wage determinations must be included in Berkeley Lab's construction subcontracts.
    2. The Service Contract Labor Standards requires that service employees (as defined) under a service subcontract be paid not less than the minimum wages and fringe benefits determined by the DOL in a wage determination. The requirements and the applicable wage determination must be included in the Berkeley Lab's service subcontracts.
    14. Employment Eligibility Verification

    Federal contractors, subcontractors, and lower-tier subcontractors are required to enroll in the federal government's employment eligibility verification program (E-Verify), and to use it to verify the employment eligibility of their employees assigned to the contract or subcontract and of all new hires working in the United States. Berkeley Lab includes this requirement in its service subcontracts as applicable, and verifies the subcontractor's enrollment in the E-Verify program.

    15. Aviation Services

    All charter and lease agreements between aviation service subcontractors and Berkeley Lab must adhere to the safety policies and procedures of DOE Order 440.2C (Aviation Management and Safety) or its successor order.

    16. Human Subjects Research

    No research involving human subjects may be initiated without both a project assurance and approval by the cognizant Institutional Review Board (IRB). At Berkeley Lab, the IRB is the Human Subjects Committee. The requester or technical representative must coordinate any potential subcontracts with human subjects research well in advance with the Human and Animal Research Committees (HARC) Office at the Berkeley Lab. Acquisition-related responsibilities of the requester or technical representative are detailed in the Customer Guide - Human Subjects Related Acquisitions located on the Procurement Customer Guides web page.

    17. System for Award Management
    1. Enrollment: Subcontractors are required to enroll, and maintain annual registration, in the federal government's System for Award Management (SAM) database within 30 days of subcontract award. Failing to register or maintain registration is considered a breach of subcontract, and may result in subcontract termination.
    2. Debarment: The Berkeley Lab is not permitted to do business with a supplier that has been debarred, suspended, or proposed for debarment, unless pre-approved by the DOE. The SAM database tracks suppliers who have been debarred by the federal government.
    18. Sustainable Acquisitions
    1. Berkeley Lab must comply with applicable federal, state and UC regulatory requirements in the acquisition of products and services (including construction services) that fall within covered product categories of energy efficiency and other sustainable acquisition programs.
    2. Berkeley Lab is committed to sustainable environmental stewardship. Sustainable or "Green" Environmentally Preferable Products (EPPs) and services must be specified when requesting the acquisition of products and services for Berkeley Lab unless a specific exception applies. General exceptions to the requirements and other resources to determine applicability are provided below.
    3. The following federal and UC policies and/or programs applicable to sustainable procurement must be considered when purchasing products or services: 
      • Recycled Products – Products containing recovered material designated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPGs).
      • Energy Efficient Products – Electronic products that are ENERGY STAR® certified or DOE Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)-designated products.
      • Biobased Products – Products meeting the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) content requirements under the BioPreferred®
      • Non-Ozone Depleting Products – Products using acceptable chemicals and manufacturing processes listed under EPA's Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) program.
      • WaterSense® labeled (water efficient) products and services.
      • Safer Choice-certified products (products that contain safer chemical ingredients).
      • Products and services that meet or exceed EPA Recommendations of Specifications, Standards, and Ecolabels including the EPEAT, the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool for the information technology (IT) sector.
      • UC Sustainable Procurement Policy & Guidelines ban the purchase of foam products, requires the reduction of single-use products, and requires electronic waste recycling by e-Steward Certified recyclers and states the Laboratory prioritize waste reduction in the following order: Reduce, reuse, and then recycle and compost.
      • The In-Use Off-Road Diesel-Fueled Fleets Regulation requires in-use off-road diesel fueled fleet owners to report off-road diesel vehicle inventories and actions taken to reduce vehicle emissions to the California Air Resources Board (CARB). In accordance with this regulation, Berkeley Lab is required to obtain certificates from potential subcontractors and vendors using or offering equipment or fleets exceeding 25 total horsepower (HP) demonstrating compliance for Laboratory-related work in the State of California prior to award.  A fleet is defined as one or more vehicles collectively exceeding 25 HP.

      Berkeley Lab is not required to procure sustainable products and services if the Laboratory cannot:

        1. competitively acquire a product or service within a reasonable performance schedule;
        2. acquire a product or service that meets reasonable performance requirements; or
        3. acquire a product or service at a reasonable price. 

      The Laboratory considers significantly higher price to be more than 110% greater. ENERGY STAR-qualified and FEMP-designated products are considered to be life-cycle cost-effective, as are products at an EPEAT Gold or Silver Level.

      Further program-specific exceptions from sustainability requirements are specific to the type of product or service being acquired. Details on program-specific exceptions are provided on the Sustainable Acquisitions webpage of the Procurement & Property website.

    4. Requesters should consult the Green Procurement Compilation or SFTool – Product Search in the General Services Administration’s (GSA’s) SFTool website to identify products subject to federal sustainability requirements and look for products offered that are compliant. Requesters must review the RPMs Sustainability Standards for Operations and Sustainability Standards for New Construction and Major Renovations for additional project-specific requirements with respect to sustainable acquisitions.  Requesters may also consult with the sustainable procurement representative (SPR) ([email protected]) for additional information.
    5. If the requester and procurement specialist determine the product(s) being requested is (are) subject to sustainable acquisition requirements but is (are) non-compliant and an exception applies, the procurement specialist and requester must complete an Exception Justification for Other Than Sustainably Compliant Products The form must be reviewed and accepted by the sustainable procurement representative (SPR). The procurement specialist completes Part I of the form to identify the product being purchased and which program applies and the requester completes Part II of the form providing details justifying why the purchase of a non-compliant product or service should proceed in accordance with one of the listed exceptions. Specific information must be presented that provides evidence that a valid exception exists.
    6. When ordering items on eBuy, users should look for green alternatives by checking the Green Procurement Compilation or SFTool – Product Search in the GSA’s SFTool website to identify products subject to federal sustainability requirements and look for products offered by eBuy vendors that are compliant. Links to sustainability-related resources are provided on gov and the Sustainable Acquisitions web page of the Procurement & Property website.
    19. Property
    1. The majority of property at Berkeley Lab is federal government owned. Government-furnished property (GFP) is property owned by the federal government and made available to a subcontractor for its use during performance of work under a specific subcontract with Berkeley Lab. The term includes government-furnished equipment and government-furnished supplies. Subcontractor-acquired property (SAP) is property that a subcontractor acquires as a directly reimbursable item of cost for use in the performance of the subcontract.
    2. Berkeley Lab is responsible to DOE for managing all federal government property acquired by Berkeley Lab. If GFP and/or SAP will be used by the subcontractor in the performance of the subcontract, the requester should inform Procurement at the beginning of the acquisition process so that the specific property can be identified in the subcontract. The only exceptions are GFP that will be:
      1. Incorporated in the final deliverable, for example, providing copper to be used by subcontractor for a fabrication; or
      2. Consumed during the performance of the subcontract.
    3. If the specific property can be identified at the beginning of the acquisition process, the requester must provide:
      1. A detailed item description(s) (make/model).
      2. Quantity of items.
      3. The federal government/Berkeley Lab property identification number(s).
      4. The approximate acquisition value(s).
    4. Because Berkeley Lab is responsible to the DOE for managing all federal government property acquired by Berkeley Lab, acquisition actions involving GFP and/or SAP must be coordinated with Procurement and Property Management throughout the process, from requisition to disposition (through subcontract closeout).
    5. The requester shall coordinate with Procurement, Property Management, the Environment, Health and Safety Division, and the Export Control Officer, as necessary, on requests for subcontracts involving the acquisition or furnishing of any of the following special types of property, to ensure they are properly controlled and disposed of:
      1. Contaminated property,
      2. Property for work to be performed in a foreign country,
      3. Property where the subcontractor has had previous property control issues and/or its property management system was disapproved,
      4. DOE property that may be commingled with property belonging to other government agencies or contractors,
      5. University/government-furnished property that will be incorporated into another piece of property or structure and will lose its identity, or
      6. Any GFP or SAP that is:
        1. High-Risk Personal Property, including export-controlled property.
        2. Hazardous property (property that is ignitable, corrosive, reactive, or toxic because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics, or that is deemed hazardous under the Hazardous Material Transportation Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, or the Toxic Substances Control Act).
        3. Proliferation-sensitive property (nuclear-related or dual-use equipment, or equipment, material, or technology used in the research, design, development, testing, or production of nuclear weapons).
        4. Radioactive property (any item or material which is radioactive or that is contaminated with radioactivity and which emits ionizing radiation in excess of background radiation as measured by appropriate instrumentation).
    20. Subcontracting of Covered Services

    Certain services are considered “covered services” under the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) collective bargaining agreement (CBA). Covered Services are defined as work customarily performed by SX and/or EX bargaining unit employees, in whole or in part, at the University, and include but are not limited to the service categories described below:

    • Cleaning,
    • Custodial,
    • Janitorial/housekeeping services,
    • Food services,
    • Laundry services (covered service limited to laundry of University-owned garments, does not include laundry for rented garments),
    • Grounds keeping,
    • Building maintenance (excluding skilled crafts),
    • Transportation and parking services,
    • Security services,
    • Billing and coding services,
    • Sterile processing,
    • Hospital or nursing assistant services, and
    • Medical imaging or other medical technician services

    There is a general prohibition by the University of California to subcontract for these services, unless the subcontract meets one of the following carve-outs:

    • emergency situations,
    • when there are not University employees available with the expertise or skills,
    • when the types of services are technical/specialized in nature,
    • when specific equipment is required for the services and is not available,
    • when the services are incidental to a contract for the purchase or lease of real or personal property,
    • when the contemplated subcontractor will furnish equipment, materials, facilities, or support services that could not be provided feasibly in the location where the services are to be performed, or
    • when the services are of an urgent, temporary, or occasional nature. 

    Contracting out should be used sparingly and treated as a last resort for services believed to be unavailable at Berkeley Lab locations. In coordination with the procurement specialist, a requester or technical representative needs to develop the business justification when a covered services subcontract award, extension, renewal or solicitation is contemplated. They also work with LBNL Labor Relations to ascertain applicable carve-outs, research insourcing opportunities for new subcontracts, and provide notice to AFSCME prior to finalizing award.

    Requesters will be asked on the Advance Acquisition Alert if the service is a covered service. 

    It is the responsibility of the requester or technical representative to present their needs to the Covered Service Review Board (CSRB) if the request for covered services is greater than $100K. The goal of the CSRB is to engage with Lab Leadership to provide determinations on insourcing or acquisition abilities.

    For further detail on the responsibilities of the requester or technical representative for covered service subcontracts, see the Customer Guide – Prohibition on Contracting Out on the Procurement Customer Guide webpage. The guide contains information for the requester or technical representative on scheduling the CSRB, presentation requirements, and documentation required to be submitted with a requisition for approved covered service acquisitions.

    D.4 Solicitations

    1. General
    1. Procurement acquires the majority of goods and services through competitive solicitations. Procurement's involvement in the solicitation process is designed to ensure responsive, reasonable, and fair offers. It also permits discussions and negotiations with suppliers regarding all the terms and conditions of the subcontract and, in some cases, allows an offeror the opportunity to revise its offer before a decision is made regarding subcontract award. Elements to be negotiated may be limited to price, but often extend to other factors, including delivery period, payment schedule, specifications or statement of work, and patent and technical data rights.
    2. The requester should ensure Procurement is involved early in the acquisition planning process so that solicitations are processed as required.
    3. Laboratory Procurement personnel will communicate directly with potential suppliers to ensure Berkeley Lab takes into account the terms and conditions or other requirements that might affect the purchase and resulting subcontract.
    4. As described in Section D.1, Overview, only Procurement personnel and other individuals with delegated procurement authority can solicit offers/proposals from suppliers that may result in the negotiation and award of subcontracts. Any solicitations performed by non-Procurement personnel may require another solicitation be performed by Procurement to ensure responsive, reasonable, and fair offers, thereby delaying the subcontract award. Any information obtained by non-Procurement personnel from a supplier on price, availability, or other product or service-related information is treated strictly as information.
    5. Solicitations for services must be accompanied by a statement of work that outlines the specific services a subcontractor is expected to perform, generally indicating the type, level, and quality of service, as well as the time schedule required. In rare instances, and at the discretion of the procurement specialist and/or requester, a Statement of Work may be utilized for non-services acquisitions.
    6. Different types of solicitations are used at Berkeley Lab to solicit offers for evaluation with the intent of entering into a subcontract: Lowest Price Technically Acceptable (LPTA) solicitations, Best Value Source Selection (BVSS) solicitations, and Single Source Non-Construction solicitations.
      1. LPTA solicitations are used when the requirement is clearly definable and cost/price is a predominant factor in source selection.
      2. BVSS solicitations are used when a subcontractor will be selected based on other factors (e.g., technical excellence, methodology, or proposed personnel) and cost/price is not the predominant factor. Performance features and supplier attributes are developed that Berkeley Lab believes are desirable in meeting its objectives for the acquisition. These features and attributes will serve as the basis for the preparation and the evaluation of the offers.
      3. Single Source Non-Construction solicitations are used for non-competitive solicitations anticipated to result in awards greater than $10M and non-competitive acquisitions greater than $250,000 when it is anticipated that sustainable acquisition program requirements may apply.
    7. Evaluation Teams
      1. For all competitive BVSS solicitations and some LPTA solicitations, Procurement will establish an evaluation team to develop the minimum requirements, the desired performance features and supplier attributes. This team will be required to evaluate the offers/proposals received in response to the solicitation, and to assist in making the selection decision(s). The Evaluation Team consists of the requester and other subject matter experts. Evaluation teams are small (normally not exceeding five voting members) and usually have an odd number of voting members, including the procurement specialist chairperson, to provide a tie breaker if needed during the evaluation process. The procurement specialist shall serve as the lead for all evaluation teams.
      2. The procurement specialist discusses the issue of conflicts of interest with the evaluation team members and reviews the list of offerors for possible conflicts of interest. Non-Procurement evaluation team members are required to sign a Confidentiality and Conflict of Interest Acknowledgment. This acknowledgement  form outlines the roles and responsibilities involved in participating on an evaluation team and highlights the potential consequences for violating the terms described therein.
    8. Answers provided to offerors in response to any technical questions must be coordinated between the procurement specialist and the technical representative/requester. The procurement specialist must be privy to, and participate in, all communications between the technical representative/requester and potential offerors during the solicitation phase. Any information given to one potential offeror that would constitute an unfair competitive advantage must be given to all potential offerors. Communications held without the procurement specialist present with any offeror can jeopardize the integrity of the acquisition and could even result in the cancellation of the acquisition, and require a new solicitation be issued, creating significant delays. This scenario can also lead to a protest of the acquisition; see Section D.9, Protests, below.
    9. During competitive acquisitions, it is important that source selection sensitive information not be disclosed prior to award to those outside the evaluation team if that information was not previously made public to protect the integrity or successful completion of the acquisition. Source selection sensitive information includes, but is not limited to, bid prices, proposed costs or prices, cost or pricing data, offerors' proprietary information, information identified by an offeror as proposal information, source selection plans, technical evaluations, cost or price evaluations, and finalist determinations.

    D.5 Evaluation

    1. General
    1. Evaluation of offers/proposals may be as simple as determining the low price on a commercial item or may involve a detailed analysis of technical, management, and cost/price criteria. For many acquisitions, the offers/proposals are evaluated by the procurement specialist and the requester. For more complex acquisitions competed using the solicitation process, an evaluation team will perform the evaluation of offers/proposals in accordance with the criteria set forth in the solicitation.
    2. Although the procurement specialist is responsible for conducting the evaluation, the requester has an important role in evaluating technical proposals, analyzing quantitative elements, and otherwise advising on Berkeley Lab's negotiation position. Depending on what is being purchased, the procurement specialist may request the assistance of the requester in performing a technical review or a technical analysis of the elements of offers/proposals other than cost/price, as required.
      1. Technical reviews are performed by the requester to evaluate a technical offer/proposal to determine whether it meets the requirements of the solicitation.
      2. Technical analyses are performed by the requester for offers/proposals that are more complex or require a cost analysis and involve a more in-depth analysis of the quantitative and qualitative elements of a technical offer/proposal, and potential intellectual property issues. This in-depth analysis is required to determine the need for and reasonableness of the resources proposed in an offer/proposal, assuming reasonable economy and efficiency.
    2. Cost or Price Analysis

    Using the technical evaluation information provided, along with information from other sources, the procurement specialist will analyze the proposed cost or price to determine if it is reasonable as proposed, or whether further negotiations are warranted.

    3. Conducting Negotiations
    1. The procurement specialist is responsible for conducting all negotiations with offerors. The requester's support may be required to analyze new information or responses provided by the offeror during the course of the negotiations. Working as a team, the procurement specialist and requester seek to obtain the required goods and services at reasonable prices and under reasonable terms.
    2. Discussions with offerors are particularly sensitive during solicitation, evaluation of offers, and negotiation. Requesters shall not have separate discussions or negotiations with offerors without the involvement of the procurement specialist.

    D.6 Noncompetitive Acquisitions

    An acquisition is noncompetitive when an offer/proposal is solicited from, and an award is made to, only one source/subcontractor. Berkeley Lab uses the terms "sole source" and "noncompetitive" synonymously in describing the acquisition process followed in such cases. Berkeley Lab must ensure that it competes its acquisitions to the maximum extent possible, consistent with efficient performance of the program mission and the nature of supplies and services being purchased. Consequently, with the exception of Small Business Program initiatives, noncompetitive (sole source) acquisitions should be used only when no other reasonable alternatives exist.

    1. Sole Source Justification
    1. The requester must provide a formal sole source justification for certain types of noncompetitive acquisitions. See the Procurement Sole Sourcing web page for guidance on when a sole source justification is required. The Sole Source Justification form must be used for providing these justifications. See the Procurement Forms web page to download the form.
    2. Generally, a noncompetitive action may be justified for the following reasons:
      1. Unique capability, expertise, facilities, or equipment that no other source can provide to satisfy Berkeley Lab's requirements.
      2. Compatibility with existing equipment and/or standardization of parts.
      3. Follow-on work for continued development or enhancement of a specialized system, equipment, or services when it is likely that an award to a source other than the incumbent subcontractor would result in substantial duplication of costs (relative to overall costs) that would not be recovered or would cause unacceptable delays in fulfilling the program needs.
      4. The identified source is acknowledged to be the leader in its field of expertise as demonstrated in reputable and valid literature, symposia presentations, etc. While normally not appropriate for commercial goods and services, this identification may be appropriate in subcontracting for research and development services.
      5. An unusual or compelling urgency exists that would cause an adverse or programmatic impact (generally related to schedule, security, or regulatory issues, or environmental, safety, or health issues) of such nature and magnitude that a sole source justification is merited if there is a delay in award.
      6. Required to establish or maintain a source for industrial mobilization or an essential engineering, development, or research capability.
      7. Authorized or required by statute or international agreement.
      8. National security or public interest reasons.
      9. Unique bonding, insurance, or indemnification requirements (appropriate only if subcontractor is a large business).
      10. Services of an expert or neutral person for any current or anticipated litigation or dispute.

    Sole Source justifications do not apply to noncompetitive awards to a Mentor Protégé or as part of a noncompetitive small business program where we can award without competition to a small business in certain socioeconomic categories within certain thresholds.

    1. The requester and the procurement specialist must be in agreement that the justification is appropriate and defensible. The written sole source justification must address the following information, as applicable:
      1. A description of the items or services to be procured (including any important/unique features and minimum requirements).
      2. The reason(s) for the request with a narrative explanation of why the subcontractor, University of California (UC) campus, or DOE Facility Contractor is the only qualified source, based on the identified reason(s), including a description of any unique capabilities, experience, expertise, facilities, or equipment
      3. Separate analysis, including any market research that may have been performed to support the conclusion. Documentation could include proposals received, email correspondence, etc. If market research was performed, a list showing the requirements, each prospective supplier identified/contacted, and all suppliers who did not meet the requirements (and which requirement each failed to meet) is helpful.
      4. Whether there is potential for follow-on purchase(s) that would have to be from the same source.
    2. An informal justification may be requested by the procurement specialist, and if requested, must be provided for noncompetitive (sole source) acquisitions under the thresholds listed above.

    D.7 Requisition Submittal

    Requisitions must be created electronically by a trained requisition preparer (see the Procurement Training & Resources website) in the ePro Purchasing Module of the FMS. Requisition preparers should ensure that requisitions are filled out correctly including assigning the correct item category code and do not include prohibited items as shown on the Restricted Items List. See Section D.1.2, Restricted Purchases, for more detail. Requisitions and changes to requisitions are to be completed using the guidance provided in the ePro 9.2 User Guide.
    The purchase of many commodities and services may also require approval by division approvers and various organizations, such as EH&S. ePro automatically routes these requisitions to the appropriate individual or organization based on the value of the requisition and the selected item category code.
    Any changes to increase or decrease the funding on a submitted requisition will require resubmission of the requisition.

    D.8 Awards

    The procurement specialist will determine the type of subcontract that best meets the needs of Berkeley Lab and the federal government.
    Procurement personnel with delegated procurement authority will make a subcontract award to the selected supplier(s). In certain cases, multiple awards may be made when not all goods and services can be purchased from one supplier due to supplier capability, pricing, delivery, etc., or when necessary to maintain two or more essential sources of supply. In certain cases, the Procurement personnel may choose not to make an award if all offerors were deemed non-responsive or not responsible, or if the successful offer exceeds available funding.
    For modification to awarded subcontracts, see the Post-Award Subcontract Administration policy.

    D.9 Protests

    Berkeley Lab is required to treat all potential subcontractors fairly and equitably. An offeror or subcontractor who believes it has not been so treated has the option of filing a protest directly with Procurement. A protest can result in suspended work on a subcontract that has already been awarded, or it can delay any further action on a subcontract that is under negotiation but has not yet been awarded.

    1. The following are examples of situations that could result in a protest:
      1. A specification or statement of work that unnecessarily restricts competition.
      2. Program/technical divisions negotiating on their own with an offeror or promising to purchase something from an offeror (a potential unauthorized commitment).
      3. Information provided to one potential subcontractor that is not available to competing offerors/subcontractors.
      4. Proposal information from one offeror disclosed to a competing offeror/subcontractor.
      5. A potential subcontract discussed with anyone not directly involved with the process.
    2. All communications should be through the procurement specialist and Laboratory Counsel during the course of an active protest.

    E. Roles and Responsibilities

    Note: See the Post-Award Subcontract Administration Policy for post-award roles and responsibilities.



    Procurement specialist

    • Manages the administrative aspects of the subcontract up to the point the subcontract is awarded (e.g., source selection, price reasonableness determination, subcontract preparation, and award).
    • Maintains all contractual documentation related to the subcontract award.
    • Consults with the requester to plan for the acquisition and appropriately documents the acquisition planning decisions.
    • Works with the requester to develop source lists and ensure small business concerns are provided the maximum practical opportunity to participate in the acquisition.
    • Works with the requester to ensure specified products and services comply with sustainable acquisition program requirements, if applicable.
    • Participates in all communications between the technical representative/requester, evaluation team members, and potential offerors during the solicitation phase.
    • Participates in the evaluation of offers with the requester for acquisitions that are not a result of a solicitation and evaluation team review.
    • Leads the solicitation evaluation team for offers for acquisitions that are the result of a BVSS solicitation and when necessary for LPTA solicitations.
    • Escalates any evaluation team or team member misconduct to the proper LBNL management and legal divisions as necessary.
    • Analyzes the proposed cost or price to determine if it is reasonable as proposed, or whether further negotiations with the supplier are warranted.
    • Conducts all negotiations with offerors.
    • Determines the type of subcontract that best meets the needs of Berkeley Lab and the government.
    • Consults with Laboratory Counsel for all requests by a subcontractor for indemnification.
    • Issues notices to proceed, should one be required, for work to commence once required documentation has been received and accepted by the procurement specialist.


    • Works with the procurement specialist in acquisition planning, including notification to Procurement of planned acquisitions of $500,000 or greater.
    • Identifies a technical representative when required.
    • Initiates the acquisition process using approved acquisition channels.
    • Defines the subcontract technical requirements and prepares a statement of work or a scope of work that identifies deliverables, schedule, and milestones if required.
    • Defines specifications or drawings when required.
    • Identifies quality requirements and acceptance criteria when required.
    • Works with the procurement specialist to develop source lists and ensure small business concerns are provided the maximum practical opportunity to participate in the acquisition.
    • Works with the procurement specialist to ensure specified products and services comply with sustainable acquisition program requirements, if applicable.
    • Prepares a sole source justification for noncompetitive acquisitions when required.
    • Completes a SJHA form and coordinates with the subcontractor to complete and submit.
    • Works with the requisition preparer to provide information and documentation needed to complete/support the requisition (e.g., proper item category codes and project/activity).
    • Performs technical review and/or an analysis of offers/proposals non-cost/price elements as required.
    • Participates as requested on a source selection team.
    • Works with the procurement specialist to ensure the Berkeley Lab will obtain the required goods and services at reasonable prices and under reasonable terms.
    • Informs Procurement at the beginning of the acquisition process if GFP and/or SAP will be used by the subcontractor in the performance of the work, and notifies the procurement specialist when GFP or SAP changes over the life of the subcontract.
    • Is responsible for ensuring that borrowed equipment and excess property obtained from other federal agencies is evaluated by the Berkeley Lab EH&S Division.
    • Consults with the Intellectual Property Office as needed to discuss potential intellectual property issues.
    • Coordinates any potential subcontracts with human subjects research with the HARC Office.

    Requisition preparer

    • Completes required Requisition Preparer training.
    • Ensures the requested item is not a Prohibited Item on the Restricted Item List.
    • Works with the requester to complete and issue a procurement requisition for submission to Procurement.
    • Ensures that correct item category codes are entered on the requisition, consulting with the requester as necessary.
    • Assigns an appropriate invoice certifier, giving consideration to the complexity of the subcontract.
    Evaluation team member
    • Participates in the planning and development of evaluation criteria for competitive solicitations and serves as a reviewer and/or evaluator of proposals in response to competitive solicitations.
    • Renders advice, provides input, makes recommendations, and participates in the team consensus determination of award.
    • Reads and understands and certifies acknowledgement of the duties and requirements of confidentiality and conflict of interest associated with participating on an evaluation team.

    F. Definitions/Acronyms




    An agreement is an understanding or arrangement issued under the DOE-UC Prime Contract between the University of California Regents (as managing operator of the Berkeley Lab) and a third party that contains the essential terms and conditions under which goods or services will be furnished to Berkeley Lab. An Intra-University Transaction (IUT), a DOE Contractor Order, or a master agreement constitutes an agreement. Does not include non-disclosure agreements (NDA), which are not handled by Procurement. NDAs are handled by the Intellectual Property Office (https://ipo.lbl.gov/requestndamta/).


    Electronic ordering system that enables Berkeley Lab employees to directly access supplier eCatalogs for purchasing low-value commercial off-the-shelf goods at pre-negotiated contract prices.

    Evaluation team member

    A person who participates in the planning and development of evaluation criteria for competitive solicitations and who performs evaluations of offers/proposals in response to the solicitations.  Members can be both Berkeley Lab personnel and other outside technical or subject matter experts. Team members must read, understand and certify  acknowledgement of the duties and requirements of confidentiality and conflict of interest associated with participating on an evaluation team.


    Credit card issued to designated and trained Berkeley Lab personnel in divisions and in Procurement for purchasing low-value goods and services.

    Procurement specialist

    An employee in the Berkeley Lab Procurement and Property Management Department who is responsible for the solicitation, negotiation, award, administration, and closure of subcontracts. Also referred to as the buyer or contract administrator. Most procurement specialists have delegated procurement authority to obligate funds on behalf of Berkeley Lab and the government up to a specific threshold.


    An individual in a Berkeley Lab division who requests a good and/or service for purchase.

    Requisition preparer

    A trained employee who prepares the procurement requisition for submission to Procurement to solicit, negotiate, and award a subcontract.


    A subcontract is a legally binding contract that is subordinate to the UC-DOE Prime Contract. The subcontract, which is between the University of California Regents (as managing operator of the Berkeley Lab) and a third party, contains the essential terms and conditions under which goods or services will be furnished to Berkeley Lab. A purchase order or order constitutes a subcontract.


    A subcontractor is the party to whom Berkeley Lab, on behalf of the University of California Regents, issues a subcontract under the UC-DOE Prime Contract for goods or services for Berkeley Lab.

    Technical representative

    A trained individual designated by a division to provide technical direction on the subcontract and monitor subcontractor performance. Required to complete the Technical Representative training prior to being assigned to a subcontract.

    UC-DOE Prime Contract (Contract 31)

    This refers to Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231, the contract between the DOE and the University of California (UC) describing the terms for UC to manage Berkeley Lab. The contract includes a statement of work (SOW) for the science missions, and details the requirements for managing the operations and business of Berkeley Lab.

    G. Recordkeeping Requirements


    H. Implementing Documents

    Document number



    Laboratory Procurement Standard Practices Manual


    Procurement & Property Management


    I. Contact Information

    Chief Procurement Officer

    J. Revision History



    By whom

    Revision description

    Section(s) affected

    Change type



    M. Mock

    Reformat for wiki





    M. Mock

    Minor editorial change





    M. Mock

    Minor change: describes personal financial interest relative to COI





    M. Mock

    Editorial change: Reference to RPM Section 5.03, Patents, changed to Software Disclosure and Distribution, Patents - Publication Clearance Policy, and Patents - Record of Invention Policy





    T. Carlson

    Editorial change: Replace "Step-by-Step Buying Guide" with "Make a Purchase Guidance." Links to guide also updated.

    D.2.1.b and D.2.12.f.i




    E. Annis

    Split Post-Award Administration into its own policy and make clarifications to existing policy





    K. Jurgensen

    Periodic Review. Clarifications to existing policy and acquisition procedures. Title changed from Procurement of Goods and Services to Acquisition of Goods and Services.



    3/2/2023 4 K. Jurgensen Periodic review: clarifications to exiting policy D, E Minor
    7/31/2023 5 K. Jurgenson Added subsection for Covered Services  D.3.20 Major
    3/13/2024 6 L. Snyder Added section on Sustainable Acquisitions D.3.18 Major



    Procurement of Goods and Services

    Document number

    Revision number


    Publication date:


    Effective date:


    Next review date:


    Policy Area:


    RPM Section (home)

    Asset Management

    RPM Section (cross-reference)

    Section 11.38

    Functional Division


    Prior reference information (optional)

    RPM, Chapter 11, Section 11.38

    Source Requirements Documents

    Other References

    Document number



    Post-Award Subcontract Administration


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