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REQUIREMENTS AND POLICIES MANUAL

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Waste Management

    Title:

    Waste Management

    Publication date:

    12/17/2013

    Effective date:

    12/17/2013

    BRIEF

    Policy Summary

    The Waste Management Program at Berkeley Lab defines generator accumulation processes and ensures compliance with all laws and regulations governing the disposal of:

    • Hazardous waste
    • Radioactive waste
    • Medical/biohazardous waste
    • Mixed waste
    • Universal waste

    Who Should Read This Policy

    Berkeley Lab employees, visitors, affiliates, and subcontractors who generate these types of wastes

    To Read the Full Policy, Go To:

    The POLICY tab on this wiki page

    To Read the ES&H Program Details, Go To:

    http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/pub3000/CH20.html

    Contact Information

    Waste Management Group
    EHS Division
    mmkassis@lbl.gov

    Title:

    Waste Management

    Publication date:

    12/17/2013

    Effective date:

    12/17/2013

    POLICY

    A. Purpose

    This policy provides general requirements for the management of the following types of wastes:

    • Hazardous waste: Wastes that are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or the state of California as hazardous.
    • Radioactive waste: Wastes that contain radioactivity that is distinguishable from background or that have been induced to be radioactive. Radioactive waste can be solid or liquid.
    • Mixed waste: Waste containing both hazardous and radioactive components.
    • Medical/biohazardous waste: Waste that requires inactivation of the biological material in an approved manner prior to final disposal.
    • Universal waste: Wastes that are regulated by the EPA or the State of California but are not fully regulated as hazardous wastes and are subject to Standards for Universal Waste Management)

    B. Persons Affected

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) employees, visitors, affiliates, and subcontractors who generate these waste types

    C. Exceptions

    This policy does not apply to solid or liquid sanitary wastes.

    D. Policy Statement

    The Waste Management Program at Berkeley Lab provides assistance in managing all waste types in compliance with applicable regulations and DOE orders.

    D.1 Hazardous, Radioactive, Mixed, Medical Waste/Biohazardous, and Universal Waste Guidelines at Berkeley Lab (Work Process A)

    Waste generators are responsible for the accurate and complete characterization of their wastes, for compliant management of waste in the workplace, and for minimizing the amount of waste generated. Consult the following publications and your Generator Assistant for additional information:

    • PUB-3092, Guidelines for Generators to Meet HWHF Acceptance Requirements for Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes at Berkeley Lab
    • PUB-3093, Guidelines for the Management of Waste Accumulation Areas (WAAs) at Berkeley Lab
    • PUB-3095, Medical and Biohazardous Waste Generator's Guide (part of the Biosafety Program)

    D.2 Storing Waste at the Site of Generation (Work Process B)

    All generators are required to set up special waste storage areas and follow all regulations while the waste is in the generator area, including:

    • Ensuring that only the maximum volumes allowed for any particular hazardous-waste stream are stored
    • Ensuring that incompatible wastes are segregated and separated according to their hazard category
    • Ensuring that ignitable wastes are accumulated in accordance with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety guidelines and are stored in the appropriate containers.
    • Maintaining adequate primary and secondary containment
    • Ensuring that every container of hazardous waste is properly and compliantly labeled and packaged
    • Storing waste within allowable time frames

    Specific waste storage areas include:

    E. Roles and Responsibilities

    Roles

    Responsibilities

    Waste generators

    • Complete all appropriate training
    • Accurately and completely characterize their wastes for compliant management within their workplaces
    • Meet Hazardous Waste Handling Facility (HWHF) acceptance requirements
    • Reduce waste through prevention, minimization, and recycling

    EHS Waste Management Group

    • Assists generators in all aspects of managing wastes, including characterization, labeling, packaging, and safe and compliant management in the workplace
    • Ensures that generators have properly characterized their waste and have correctly packaged and labeled the waste before it is picked up
    • Removes all hazardous and mixed waste from the generator's site in a safe and timely manner
    • Operates the HWHF in a manner that ensures safety and compliance with all applicable regulations
    • Ensures that all off-site facilities used for the treatment and disposal of radioactive, mixed, and hazardous wastes have been reviewed and approved for waste-handling activities
    • Prepares all waste profiles and shipping documents
    • Tracks waste from the time it is generated, received at the HWHF to its final disposition in a treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF).
    • Maintains all waste records
    • Transports hazardous material in accordance with the HazMat Transport/Shipping guidelines
    • Providing classroom or one-on-one waste generator–related training

    F. Definitions and Acronyms

    Term

    Definition

    Biohazardous waste

    Waste that requires biological inactivation in an approved manner prior to final disposal, and includes, but is not limited to, the following discarded items:

    • Primary human cell lines and tissue cultures
    • Organisms with recombinant DNA
    • Cultures and stocks of infectious agents
    • Potentially infectious agents (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi, spores)
    • Toxins
    • Live and attenuated vaccines
    • Blood, blood products, and other potentially infectious materials that may contain human blood-borne pathogens
    • Carcasses
    • Tissue specimens
    • Recognizable human or animal body parts
    • Soil, plants, and pathogens controlled by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
    • Labware (not defined as a sharp) that has come into contact with the aforementioned waste streams (e.g., contaminated plastic pipettes, pipette tips, petri dishes, centrifuge tubes, Eppendorf tubes, disposable gloves, and wipes)

    Extremely hazardous waste

    Any hazardous waste or mixture of hazardous wastes that, if human exposure should occur, may likely result in death, disabling personal injury, or serious illness because of its quantity, concentration, or chemical characteristics (22 CCR 66260.10)

    Hazardous waste

    Any solid waste that exhibits one or more of the characteristics of "hazardous waste" (22 CCR 66261.21-66261.24, 40 CFR Part 261.3). These criteria are:

    • Toxicity
    • Ignitability
    • Reactivity
    • Corrosivity 
    • Wastes from nonspecific sources listed in the California Code of Regulations (22 CCR 66261.31–22 CCR 66261.33) and the Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR Part 261.31–Part 261.33). These wastes include certain discarded commercial chemical products, off-specification products, container residues, and spill residues.

    Medical waste

    According to federal and California laws, refers to waste that is generated or produced as a result of the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of humans or animals; in research pertaining to the treatment, diagnosis, or immunization of humans or animals; or in the production or testing of biologicals (medicinal preparations made from living organisms and their products including serums, vaccines, and antitoxins) and is either:

    • A biohazard or
    • A sharp (device with sharp edges capable of piercing or cutting the skin)

    Mixed waste

    Any radioactive waste that is also a hazardous waste

    Mixed Waste Satellite Accumulation Area (MWSAA)

    Designated area within a Radioactive Materials Area used for the accumulation of mixed wastes.

    • Volume and time limits are the same as for Satellite Accumulation Areas (SAAs).
    • Boundaries must be clearly delineated with tape, signs, and arrows.
    • MWSAA must be in a room where waste was generated (or an immediately adjacent room) and clearly designated with a purple MWSAA sign.

    Radioactive waste

    • Wastes that contain radioactivity distinguishable from background or have been induced to be radioactive.
    • Radioactive waste can be solid or liquid.
    • Radioactive waste will be accumulated in accordance with all applicable work authorizations.

    Satellite Accumulation Area (SAA)

    An area in an individual laboratory, shop, or other facility designated by the generator for the accumulation of waste not to exceed 208 liters (55 gallons) of hazardous waste or 0.95 liter (1 quart) of extremely or acutely hazardous waste. The area must be at or near the point of waste generation and under control of the person generating the waste.

    Waste Accumulation Area (WAA)

    An officially designated area for the accumulation and storage of large quantities of hazardous waste

    Waste characterization

    The detailed documentation of the waste constituents (hazardous and nonhazardous) such that appropriate regulatory codes can be applied, and treatment, storage, and disposal decisions can be made. Characterization can include process knowledge, analyses, or written documentation (logbooks, Material Safety Data Sheets, etc.).

    G. Recordkeeping Requirements

    The care, maintenance, and disposition of Waste Management records will be done in accordance with Berkeley Lab records-management policies and procedures, as listed in the Requirements and Policies Manual (PUB-201).

    H. Implementing Documents

    Document Number

    Title

    Type

    07.08.001.001

    Radiation Safety

    Program

    07.10.002.001

    Waste Management

    Program

    07.10.002.002

    Work Process A, Hazardous, Radioactive, Mixed, and Medical Waste/Biohazardous Guidelines at Berkeley Lab

    Process

    07.10.002.003

    Work Process B, Storing Waste at the Site of Generation

    Process

    PUB-3092

    Guidelines for Generators to Meet HWHF Acceptance Requirements for Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes at Berkeley Lab

    Guidance

    PUB-3093

    Guidelines for the Management of Waste Accumulation Areas (WAAs) at Berkeley Lab

    Guidance

    PUB-3095

    Medical and Biohazardous Waste Generator's Guide

    Guidance

    Supporting Documents

    • EH&S Procedure 820, Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Waste Acceptance Criteria: Characterization and Compliance
    • EH&S Procedure 817, Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program
    • ES&H Manual, Biosafety Program
    • ES&H Manual, Chemical Hygiene and Safety Plan
    • ES&H Manual, Asbestos Hazards and Controls
    • ES&H Manual, Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Management
    • EH&S Procedure 811, Hazardous Waste Handling Procedures
    • ES&H Manual, Radiation Safety Program

    I. Contact Information

    Waste Management Group
    EHS Division
    mkassis@lbl.gov

    J. Revision History

    Date

    Revision

    By whom

    Revision Description

    Section(s) affected

    Change Type

    1/2/2012

    0

    M. Kassis

    Re-write for wiki (brief)

    All

    Minor

    12/17/2013

    1

    M. Kassis

    Re-write for wiki (policy)

    All

    Minor

    DOCUMENT INFORMATION

    Title:

    Waste Management

    Document number

    07.10.002.000

    Revision number

    1

    Publication date:

    12/17/2013

    Effective date:

    12/17/2013

    Next review date:

    12/17/2016

    Policy Area:

    Waste Management

    RPM Section (home)

    ESH

    RPM Section (cross-reference)

    none

    Functional Division

    EHS

    Prior reference information (optional)

    PUB-3000 Chapter 20

    Source Requirements Documents

    • DOE O 435.1 Change Notice 1, Radioactive Waste Management Manual
    • DOE M 435.1-1 Admin Change 2, Radioactive Waste Management Manual
    • DOE O 458.1 Admin Change 3, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment
    • DOE O 460.1C, Packaging and Transportation Safety

    Other Driving Requirements

    • 22 CCR 66261.1, Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste
    • 22 CCR 66262.34, Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste
    • 22 CCR 66273.1, Standards for Universal Waste Management
    • 40 CFR Part 261.3, Definition of Hazardous Waste
    • 40 CFR Part 261.31, Hazardous Wastes from Non-specific Sources
    • 40 CFR Part 261.32, Hazardous Wastes from Specific Sources
    • 40 CFR Part 261.33, Discarded Commercial Chemical Products, Off-Specification Species, Container Residues, and Spill Residues Thereof
    • California Health and Safety Code 117600, California Medical Waste Management Act

    Implementing Documents

    Document Number

    Title

    Type

    07.08.001.001

    Radiation Safety

    Program

    07.10.002.001

    Waste Management

    Program

    07.10.002.002

    Work Process A, Hazardous, Radioactive, Mixed, and Medical Waste/Biohazardous Guidelines at Berkeley Lab

    Process

    07.10.002.003

    Work Process B, Storing Waste at the Site of Generation

    Process

    PUB-3092

    Guidelines for Generators to Meet HWHF Acceptance Requirements for Hazardous, Radioactive, and Mixed Wastes at Berkeley Lab

    Guidance

    PUB-3093

    Guidelines for the Management of Waste Accumulation Areas (WAAs) at Berkeley Lab

    Guidance

    PUB-3095

    Medical and Biohazardous Waste Generator's Guide

    Guidance

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