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Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Title:

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Publication date:

    11/29/2012

    Effective date:

    4/3/2009

    BRIEF

    Policy Summary

    The Soil and Groundwater Management Program provides monitoring requirements and management controls to help ensure groundwater and soil contaminants at Berkeley Lab do not adversely impact human health or the environment and that soil and groundwater is handled, stored, disposed of, or reused on site following applicable laws, regulations, and Berkeley Lab policies.

    Who Should Read This Policy

    All Berkeley Lab employees and subcontractors responsible for penetrations into soil where a Permit to Penetrate Ground or Existing Surfaces of LBNL Property must be obtained or are responsible for new building construction in areas of potential soil or groundwater contamination

    To Read the Full Policy, Go To:

    The POLICY tab on this wiki page

    To Read the ES&H Program Details, Go To:

    http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/pub3000/CH61.html

    Contact Information

    Environmental Services Group
    Environmental Health and Safety Group
    EHSS Division
    DABaskin@lbl.gov

    Title:

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Publication date:

    11/29/2012

    Effective date:

    4/3/2009

    POLICY

    A. Purpose

    Soil and groundwater contaminants in some areas of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) can present potential health hazards to workers engaged in ground-penetration activities and to workers in new buildings who could potentially be exposed to contaminated soil vapor migration. In addition, previously unidentified areas of contamination may be encountered, particularly during the redevelopment of older developed areas of the site. The Soil and Groundwater Management Program provides monitoring requirements and management controls to help ensure that soil or groundwater contaminants do not adversely impact human health or the environment and that soil and groundwater is handled, stored, disposed of, or reused on site following applicable laws, regulations, and Berkeley Lab policies.

    B. Persons Affected

    All Berkeley Lab employees and subcontractors responsible for penetrations into soil where a Permit to Penetrate Ground or Existing Surfaces of LBNL Property must be obtained or who are responsible for new building construction in areas of potential soil or groundwater contamination

    C. Exceptions

    None

    D. Policy Statement

    Due to the potential risk to human health and the environment from soil and groundwater contaminants at Berkeley Lab, the following controls are required (See Work Process A for information about this program's general requirements):

    1. Excavated soil must be handled, stored, disposed of, or reused on site following applicable laws, regulations, and Berkeley Lab policies. A Facilities Division policy requires the preparation of soil management plans to address these issues.
    2. The Facilities Division Permit to Penetrate Ground or Existing Surfaces of LBNL Property requires that the Environment, Health, Safety, and Security (EHSS) Environmental Services Group (ESG) be notified to initiate a preconstruction site evaluation for potential soil and groundwater contaminants.
    3. Where groundwater contaminants are detected, the groundwater may not be discharged to the storm drain or sanitary sewer unless in compliance with a discharge permit issued by the East Bay Municipal Utility District for the sanitary sewer or the Regional Water Quality Control Board for the storm drain.
    4. New buildings intended for human occupancy cannot be constructed in contaminated areas unless measures are implemented (e.g., building vapor barriers or completing additional cleanup) to mitigate potential risks, or additional data are collected to show that the risks are within acceptable levels. Activities that may encounter contaminated groundwater must have written procedures for site monitoring, spill contingency and treatment, and discharge for any extracted groundwater.
    5. The Department of Energy (DOE) has placed a restriction on two abandoned radioactive waste storage tanks under Building 74 prohibiting the release of the structure, equipment, or area from any existing controls. DOE has prohibited release to the general public of the Building 5 former Decontamination Area and former Outdoor Radioactive Waste Storage Area, and the Building 4 former Radioactive Waste Storage and Staging Area. The Building 75A Radioactive Waste Storage Area was specifically designated for reuse by the Berkeley Lab Radiation Protection Group.

    E. Roles and Responsibilities

    Role Responsibilities

    Project Managers and Supervisors

    • Ensure that environmental laws, regulations, and policies are followed
    • Request assistance from the Environmental Services Group (ESG) for technical advice on environmental requirements and potential environmental risks that apply to their projects
    • Notify the ESG before disturbing soil or groundwater
    • Request information from the ESG on soil/groundwater management requirements and/or the preparation of soil management plans if soil is to be disturbed
    • Provide employee training in operational requirements pertaining to contaminated soil and groundwater, and maintain records of such training

    Employees

    • Follow applicable environmental laws, regulations, and policies
    • Observe excavated soil during field operations for evidence of potential chemical contamination and immediately stop work and notify the ESG if evidence of contamination is observed
    • Complete all training required by the Job Hazards Analysis (JHA)

    Environmental Services Group

    • Develops Laboratory policies and procedures to assure that operations are conducted in an environmentally safe manner and fully comply with all applicable laws and regulations and DOE orders
    • Evaluates proposed project locations to assess the nature and extent of any known or suspected contamination
    • Assists projects in developing soil management plans
    • Curtails or suspends any operations that pose an immediate danger to members of the public or the environment
    • Determines on-site reuse criteria and disposal options for contaminated soil and groundwater

    F. Definitions/Acronyms

    Term Definition

    Clean soil or groundwater

    Soil or groundwater containing metals at concentrations within Berkeley Lab background levels and not contaminated with hazardous organic compounds or radioactive substances

    Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC)

    The department within the California Environmental Protection Agency that regulates hazardous waste management and remedial actions

    East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD)

    The local municipal wastewater treatment facility that accepts and regulates sanitary sewer discharges from Berkeley Lab

    Hazardous soil

    Soil with detectable levels of hazardous substances above applicable federal and California hazardous waste standards

    Nonhazardous soil

    Soil with detectable levels of hazardous substances below applicable federal and California hazardous waste standards

    Radioactive soil

    Soil with detectable concentrations of radionuclides above background levels

    G. Recordkeeping Requirements

    Role

    Recordkeeping Requirement

    Environmental Services Group

    Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigation (RFI) Report

    Environmental Services Group

    Corrective Measures Implementation Report

    Environmental Services Group

    Soil Management Plan

    Environmental Services Group

    Groundwater Monitoring and Management Plan

    Environmental Services Group

    Summary of Radionuclide Investigations

    H. Implementing Documents

    Document number

    Title

    Type

    07.09.012.001

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Program

    07.09.012.002

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program, Work Process A, General Requirements and Flowchart

    Process

    07.09.012.003

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program, Work Process B, Preparing a Soil Management Plan

    Process

    07.09.012.006

    Soil Management Plan

    Plan

    07.09.012.007

    Groundwater Monitoring and Management Plan

    Plan

    07.10.002.001

    Waste Management

    Program

    I. Contact Information

    Environmental Services Group
    EHSS Division
    DABaskin@lbl.gov

    J. Revision History

    Date

    Revision

    By whom

    Revision Description

    Section(s) affected

    Change Type

    1/2/2012

    0

    D. Baskin

    Rewrite for wiki (brief)

    All

    Minor

    11/29/2012

    1

    D. Baskin

    Rewrite for wiki (policy)

    All

    Minor

    DOCUMENT INFORMATION

    Title:

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Document number

    07.09.012.000

    Revision number

    1

    Publication date:

    11/29/2012

    Effective date:

    4/3/2009

    Next review date:

    11/29/2015

    Policy Area:

    Environmental Protection

    RPM Section (home)

    ESH

    RPM Section (cross-reference)

    None

    Functional Division

    EHSS

    Prior reference information (optional)

    PUB-3000 Section 11.3.7

    Source Requirements Documents

    • 40 CFR, Parts 260-272, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (Hazardous Waste Regulations)
    • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. Section 6901 et seq.)
    • Toxic Substance Control Act (15 U.S.C. Section 2601 et seq.)
    • 22 CCR, Division 4.5, Environmental Health Standards for the Management of Hazardous Waste, Sections 66001-67800.5
    • California Water Code Section 13000 et seq.
    • California Health and Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.
    • Bay Area Air Quality Management District Rules and Regulations

    Other Driving Requirements

    • 40 CFR, Part 141, Safe Drinking Water Act
    • San Francisco Bay Basin Plan and Amendments, Regional Water Quality Control Board

    Implementing Documents

    Document number

    Title

    Type

    07.09.012.001

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Program

    07.09.012.002

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program, Work Process A, General Requirements and Flowchart

    Process

    07.09.012.003

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program, Work Process B, Preparing a Soil Management Plan

    Process

    07.09.012.006

    Soil Management Plan

    Plan

    07.09.012.007

    Groundwater Monitoring and Management Plan

    Plan

    07.10.002.001

    Waste Management

    Program

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