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    Title:

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Publication date:

    9/17/2021

    Effective date:

    4/3/2009

    BRIEF

    Policy Summary

    The Soil and Groundwater Management Program provides monitoring requirements and management controls to help ensure groundwater, soil vapor, and soil contaminants at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab or LBNL) do not adversely affect human health or the environment and that soil and groundwater are handled, stored, disposed of, or reused on-site following applicable laws, regulations, and LBNL policies.

    Who Should Read This Policy

    All Berkeley Lab employees and subcontractors who may come into contact with potentially contaminated soil or groundwater, including those individuals responsible for penetrations into soil where a Permit to Penetrate Ground or Existing Surfaces of LBNL Property must be obtained or are responsible for new building construction in areas of potential soil or groundwater contamination.

    To Read the Full Policy, Go To:

    The POLICY tab on this wiki page

    To Read the EHS Program Details, Go To:

    ES&H Manual Chapter 61

    Contact Information

    Environmental Services Group
    Environment, Health and Safety (EHS) Division
    [email protected]

    Title:

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Publication date:

    9/17/2021

    Effective date:

    4/3/2009

    POLICY

    A. Purpose

    Soil, soil vapor, and groundwater contaminants in some areas of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) pose potential health hazards to workers engaged in ground-penetration activities and to workers in new buildings who could potentially be exposed to the migration of soil vapor contaminants into indoor air. In addition, previously unidentified areas of contamination may be encountered, particularly during the redevelopment of older developed areas of the site. The Soil and Groundwater Management Program provides monitoring requirements and management controls to help ensure that soil, soil vapor, and groundwater contaminants do not adversely impact human health or the environment and that soil and groundwater are handled, stored, disposed of, or reused on-site following applicable laws, regulations, and LBNL policies.

    B. Persons Affected

    All Berkeley Lab employees and subcontractors who may come into contact with potentially contaminated soil or groundwater, including those individuals responsible for penetrations into soil where a Permit to Penetrate Ground or Existing Surfaces of LBNL Property must be obtained or those responsible for new building construction in areas of potential soil, soil vapor, or groundwater contamination

    C. Exceptions

    None

    D. Policy Statement

    Due to the potential risk to human health and the environment from soil, soil vapor, and groundwater contaminants at Berkeley Lab, the following controls are required:

    1. Excavated soil must be handled, stored, disposed of, or reused on-site in accordance with requirements specified in the LBNL Soil Management Plan (SMP) and all applicable laws, regulations, and LBNL policies.
    2. The Facilities Division Permit to Penetrate Ground or Existing Surfaces of LBNL Property requires that the Environment, Health and Safety Division (EHS) Environmental Services Group (ESG) be notified to initiate a preconstruction site evaluation for potential soil and groundwater contaminants whenever a permit is required to penetrate the ground surface.
    3. Activities that may encounter contaminated groundwater must have written procedures for site monitoring, spill contingency, and discharge for any extracted groundwater. Groundwater may not be discharged to the storm drain or sanitary sewer unless in compliance with a discharge permit issued by the East Bay Municipal Utility District for the sanitary sewer or the Regional Water Quality Control Board for the storm drain.
    4. New buildings cannot be constructed in areas where soil vapor concentrations pose a potential risk to future building occupants unless measures approved by the California Environmental Protection Agency Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) are implemented (e.g., vapor mitigation system or cleanup of contaminants) to mitigate potential risks, or additional data are collected that show that the risks are within acceptable levels.

    E. Roles and Responsibilities

    Role

    Responsibilities

    Project Managers and Supervisors

    • Ensure that requirements of the SMP and applicable environmental laws, regulations, and LBNL policies are followed.
    • Notify the ESG before disturbing soil or groundwater and request assistance in determining environmental requirements and potential environmental risks that may apply to their projects.
    • Request assistance from the ESG on analytical requirements for excavated soil.
    • Request assistance from the ESG for determining soil/groundwater management, disposal, or reuse options.
    • Ensure that employees who may contact potentially contaminated soil or groundwater have the applicable training.
    • Stop work and notify the ESG if contaminated soil is unexpectedly encountered.

    Employees

    • Follow requirements of the SMP and applicable environmental laws, regulations, and LBNL policies.
    • Observe excavated soil for evidence of potential contamination and immediately stop work if evidence of contamination is observed.
    • Complete all training required by the Job Hazards Analysis.

    Environmental Services Group

    • Evaluate proposed project locations to assess the nature and extent of any known or suspected contamination.
    • Oversee project compliance with requirements of the SMP and Groundwater Monitoring and Management Plan.
    • Assist projects in determining appropriate analytical requirements for excavated soil.
    • Assist projects in determining acceptable on-site reuse criteria and offsite disposal options for contaminated soil and groundwater.

    F. Definitions/Acronyms

    Term

    Definition

    Clean soil or groundwater

    Soil or groundwater containing metals at concentrations within Berkeley Lab background levels and not contaminated with hazardous organic compounds or radioactive substances

    Contaminated soil or groundwater

    Soil or groundwater with detectable levels of hazardous substances below applicable federal or California hazardous waste standards or metals at concentrations above LBNL background levels

    Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC)

    The department within the California Environmental Protection Agency that regulates hazardous waste management and remedial actions at Berkeley Lab

    East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD)

    The municipal wastewater treatment agency that accepts and regulates sanitary sewer discharges from Berkeley Lab

    Hazardous soil or groundwater

    Soil or groundwater with concentrations of hazardous substances above applicable federal or California hazardous waste levels

    Nonhazardous soil or groundwater

    Clean soil or groundwater or soil or groundwater with concentrations of hazardous substances below applicable federal or California hazardous waste standards

    Radioactive soil

    Soil with concentrations of radionuclides above background levels

    G. Recordkeeping Requirements

    Role

    Recordkeeping Requirement

    Environmental Services Group

    Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Investigation (RFI) Report

    Environmental Services Group

    Corrective Measures Implementation Report

    Environmental Services Group

    Soil Management Plan

    Environmental Services Group

    Groundwater Monitoring and Management Plan

    Environmental Services Group

    Summary of Radionuclide Investigations

    H. Implementing Documents

    Document number

    Title

    Type

    07.09.012.001

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Program

    07.09.012.002

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program, Work Process A, General Requirements and Flowchart

    Process

    07.09.012.003

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program, Work Process B, Preparing a Soil Management Plan

    Process

    07.09.012.006

    Soil Management Plan

    Plan

    07.09.012.007

    Groundwater Monitoring and Management Plan

    Plan

    07.10.002.001

    Waste Management

    Program

    I. Contact Information

    Environmental Services Group
    EHS Division
    [email protected]

    J. Revision History

    Date

    Revision

    By Whom

    Revision Description

    Section(s) Affected

    Change Type

    1/2/2012

    0

    D. Baskin

    Rewrite for wiki (brief)

    All

    Minor

    11/29/2012

    1

    D. Baskin

    Rewrite for wiki (policy)

    All

    Minor

    7/14/21

    2

    D. Baskin

    Periodic review

    All

    Major

    DOCUMENT INFORMATION

    Title:

    Soil and Groundwater Management Program

    Document number

    07.09.012.000

    Revision number

    2

    Publication date:

    9/17/2021

    Effective date:

    4/3/2009

    Next review date:

    9/17/2026

    Policy Area:

    Environmental Protection

    RPM Section (home)

    ESH

    RPM Section (cross-reference)

    None

    Functional Division

    EHS

    Prior reference information (optional)

    ES&H Manual Section 11.3.7

    Source Requirements Documents

    • 40 CFR, Parts 260–272, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (Hazardous Waste Regulations)
    • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 USC Section 6901 et seq.)
    • Toxic Substance Control Act (15 USC Section 2601 et seq.)
    • 22 CCR, Division 4.5, Environmental Health Standards for the Management of Hazardous Waste, Sections 66001–67800.5
    • California Water Code Section 13000 et seq.
    • California Health and Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.
    • Bay Area Air Quality Management District Rules and Regulations

    Other Driving Requirements

    • 40 CFR, Part 141, Safe Drinking Water Act
    • San Francisco Bay Basin Plan and Amendments, Regional Water Quality Control Board

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