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Machine Guarding and Shop Safety

    Title:

    Machine Guarding and Shop Safety

    Publication date:

    9/10/2013

    Effective date:

    6/16/2008

    BRIEF

    Policy Summary

    The Machine Safeguarding — Shop and Lab Machine Safety Program at Berkeley Lab assures that machine tools, power tools, machine equipment, and robotics in shops, laboratories, equipment rooms, on construction sites, and other locations are properly guarded and used safely.

    • It is the responsibility of division line management to provide machine guarding and to ensure it is used to protect operators, researchers, and other employees from hazards.
    • Machine tools, machine equipment, and power tools may only be operated and/or maintained by authorized personnel working in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.

    Who Should Read This Policy

    Berkeley Lab employees, visitors, affiliates, and subcontractors who could be performing work that may include the work with machine tools, power tools, machine equipment, or robots

    To Read the Full Policy, Go To:

    The POLICY tab on this wiki page

    To Read the EH&S Program Details, Go To:

    http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/pub3000/CH25.html

    Contact Information

    Machine Guarding Subject Matter Expert
    EH&S Division
    MPWisherop@lbl.gov

    Title:

    Machine Guarding and Shop Safety

    Publication date:

    9/10/2013

    Effective date:

    6/16/2008

    POLICY

    A. Purpose

    The Machine Safeguarding — Shop and Lab Machine Safety Program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) assures that machine tools, power tools, machine equipment, and robotics in shops, laboratories, equipment rooms, on construction sites, and in other locations are properly guarded and used safely.

    • It is the responsibility of division line management to provide machine guarding and to ensure that it is being used to protect operators, researchers, and other employees from hazards.
    • Machine tools, machine equipment, and power tools may only be operated and/or maintained by authorized personnel working in accordance with the requirements of this chapter.

    B. Persons Affected

    Berkeley Lab employees, visitors, affiliates, and subcontractors who could be performing work that may include the work with machine tools, power tools, machine equipment, or robots

    C. Exceptions

    None

    D. Policy Statement

    1. New or used acquired machines, machine tools, power tools, or machine equipment are required to meet the guarding requirements of OSHA 29 CFR 1910. (Work Process A)
    2. Only qualified personnel are permitted to operate, maintain, adjust, or repair machines, machine tools, power tools, or machine equipment. Qualification is machine specific. Shop managers may qualify users of shop equipment through a documented training and testing program. (Work Process B)
    3. Only authorized personnel are permitted to operate, maintain, adjust, or repair machine tools, power tools, or machine equipment. Authorization is through employee Job Hazards Analyses (JHAs), or SJHA, and, when in Berkeley Lab shops, the shop manager. (Work Process C)
    4. Assess the hazards for the work being done. Hazards are dependent on the type of work being performed. Assess points of operations, pinch/nip points, as well as entanglement, struck by, cutting, or crushing hazards posed by the task. (Work Process D)
    5. Hazards control, including guarding, Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) and personal protective equipment (PPE), are dependent on the type of work being performed. Implement controls based on the work, and comply with OSHA requirements. (Work Process E)

    E. Roles and Responsibilities

    Managers, supervisors, and employees have the responsibility to adhere to the provisions of this policy.

    Role

    Responsibility

    Line Management

    • Ensures personnel know how to safely operate, maintain, adjust, and/or repair machines, machine tools, power tools, or machine equipment
    • Enforces the use of work techniques, and maintains machines, machine tools, power tools, or machine equipment in good mechanical and operating condition

    Shop Manager

    • Controls use of the shop equipment, and limits use to qualified operators
    • Controls the use of any keys or other mechanisms for preventing unauthorized use of shop equipment

    Employees

    • Must be appropriately trained, and demonstrate safe operation of the machinery they use, maintain, adjust, or repair
    • Must observe all established safety regulations relating to machine safety

    EH&S Division Machine Guarding Subject Matter Expert

    • Provides technical assurance of the Machine Safeguarding — Shop and Lab Machine Safety Program

    F. Definitions/Acronyms

    Term

    Definition

    Machine

    Any mechanically operated machines, machine tools, power tools, or machine equipment, including robots

    G. Recordkeeping Requirements

    • User (Non-Shop Staff) Training Records
    • Program Effectiveness Review and Assurance

    H. Implementing Documents

    Document number

    PUB-3000 Reference

    Title

    Type

    07.07.021.001

    Chapter 25

    Machine Safeguarding — Shop and Machine Safety

    Program

    07.07.021.002

    Chapter 25, Work Process A

    General Requirements

    Work Process

    07.07.021.003

    Chapter 25, Work Process B

    Procurement and Installation of Machine Tools, Machine Equipment, and Guarding

    Work Process

    07.07.021.004

    Chapter 25, Work Process C

    Authorization and Qualification

    Work Process

    07.07.021.005

    Chapter 25, Work Process D

    Machine Tool and Machine Equipment Guarding Requirement

    Work Process

    07.07.021.006

    Chapter 25, Work Process E

    Inspection and Maintenance

    Work Process

    I. Contact Information

    Machine Guarding Subject Matter Expert
    EH&S Division
    MPWisherop@lbl.gov

    J. Revision History

    Date

    Revision

    By whom

    Revision Description

    Section(s) affected

    Change Type

    9/10/2013

    1.1

    M. Wisherop

    Reviewed 8/28/13, no changes

    Publ & Next Review Dates

    Minor

    1/2/2012

    1

    M. Wisherop

    Rewrite for wiki

    all

    Minor

    DOCUMENT INFORMATION

    Title:

    Machine Guarding and Shop Safety

    Document number

    07.07.021.000

    Revision number

    1.1

    Publication date:

    9/10/2013

    Effective date:

    6/16/2008

    Next review date:

    9/10/2013

    Policy Area:

    Industrial Hygiene and Safety

    RPM Section (home)

    ESH

    RPM Section (cross-reference)

    none

    Functional Division

    EH&S

    Prior reference information (optional)

    PUB-3000 Chapter 25

    Source Requirements Documents

    • 10 CFR 851.23, Safety and Health Standards
    • 10 CFR 851.24, Functional Areas
    • 10 CFR 851.25, Training and Information
    • 10 CFR 851.26, Recordkeeping and Reporting
    • 29 CFR 1910 Subpart O, Machinery and Machine Guarding

    Implementing Documents

    Document number

    PUB-3000 Reference

    Title

    Type

    07.07.021.001

    Chapter 25

    Machine Safeguarding — Shop and Machine Safety

    Program

    07.07.021.002

    Chapter 25, Work Process A

    General Requirements

    Work Process

    07.07.021.003

    Chapter 25, Work Process B

    Procurement and Installation of Machine Tools, Machine Equipment, and Guarding

    Work Process

    07.07.021.004

    Chapter 25, Work Process C

    Authorization and Qualification

    Work Process

    07.07.021.005

    Chapter 25, Work Process D

    Machine Tool and Machine Equipment Guarding Requirement

    Work Process

    07.07.021.006

    Chapter 25, Work Process E

    Inspection and Maintenance

    Work Process

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