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Environmental Monitoring

    Title:

    Environmental Monitoring

    Publication date:

    2/19/2013

    Effective date:

    2/19/2013

    BRIEF

    Policy Summary

    Berkeley Lab monitors Laboratory activities with potential to adversely impact public health or environmental quality.  Berkeley Lab's environmental-monitoring program consists of four major activities:

    • Effluent Monitoring: The collection and analysis of samples, or measurements of liquid and gaseous effluents, for the purpose of characterizing and quantifying contaminants, assessing radiation exposures to members of the public, providing a means to control effluents at or near the point of discharge, and demonstrating compliance with applicable standards and permit requirements.
    • Environmental Surveillance: The collection and analysis of samples, or direct measurements, of air, water, soil, vegetation, and other media from the Berkeley Lab site and its environs for the purpose of determining compliance with applicable standards and permit requirements, assessing radiation exposures to members of the public, and assessing the effects, if any, on the local environment
    • Meteorological Monitoring: The collection of representative meteorological data to characterize atmospheric transport and diffusion conditions in the vicinity of Berkeley Lab, and to represent conditions that are important to environmental surveillance activities, such as air quality monitoring and exposure assessments
    • Pre-operational Monitoring: An environmental study conducted prior to the start-up of a new facility, or a process for the purpose of establishing a baseline for environmental conditions

    Who Should Read This Policy

    All Berkeley Lab employees, visitors, affiliates, and subcontractors who measure potentially harmful environmental discharges or emissions and report the information to DOE or external regulatory agencies

    To Read the Full Policy, Go To:

    The POLICY tab on this wiki page

    To Read the ES&H Program Details, Go To:

    http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/pub3000/CH62.html

    Contact Information

    Environmental Protection Group Manager, Environmental Releases Program Manager
    EHSS Division

    Title:

    Environmental Monitoring

    Publication date:

    2/19/2013

    Effective date:

    2/19/2013

    POLICY

    A. Purpose

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) monitors Laboratory activities that have potential to adversely impact public health or environmental quality. Berkeley Lab's environmental-monitoring program consists of four major activities:

    • Effluent monitoring. The collection and analysis of samples or the measurement of liquid and gaseous effluents in order to characterize and quantify contaminants, assess radiation exposures to members of the public, provide a means to control effluents at or near the point of discharge, and demonstrate compliance with applicable standards and permit requirements
    • Environmental surveillance. The collection and analysis of samples or direct measurements of air, water, soil, vegetation, and other media from the Berkeley Lab site and its environs in order to determine compliance with applicable standards and permit requirements, assess radiation exposures to members of the public, and assess the effects, if any, on the local environment
    • Meteorological monitoring. The collection of representative meteorological data to characterize atmospheric transport and diffusion conditions in the vicinity of Berkeley Lab, and to report conditions important to environmental surveillance activities such as air-quality monitoring and exposure assessments
    • Pre-operational monitoring. An environmental study conducted prior to the start-up of a new facility, or a process to establish a baseline for environmental conditions

    B. Persons Affected

    All Berkeley Lab employees, visitors, affiliates, and subcontractors who measure potentially harmful environmental discharges or emissions and report the information to the Department of Energy (DOE) or external regulatory agencies

    C. Exceptions

    None

    D. Policy Statement

    1. Berkeley Lab's Environmental Monitoring Program helps ensure that Laboratory activities are conducted in a manner that protects public health and maintains environmental quality.
    2. The Environmental Services Group prepares, implements, and maintains the Environmental Monitoring Plan and performs the environmental monitoring activities.
    3. Information about environmental monitoring activities is reported annually in the Berkeley Lab Site Environmental Reports.
    4. Meteorological monitoring data is collected every 15 minutes from a 20-meter weather tower located on site. The tower measures wind speed and direction, temperature, dew point, barometric pressure, solar radiation, and precipitation. 

    E. Roles and Responsibilities

    Role

    Responsibility

    Principal Investigators and Supervisors

    • Ensure that environmental laws, regulations, and policies are followed
    • Request technical advice from the Environmental Services Group on environmental requirements and an appropriate compliance strategy
    • Provide employee training in operational requirements pertaining to environmental protection, and maintain records of such training
    • Ensure that activities are performed within acceptable operating standards and that required records are current
    • Notify the Environment, Health, Safety, and Security (EHSS) Division immediately of unplanned accidental releases

    Employees

    • Follow applicable environmental laws, regulations, and policies
    • Must be fully aware of the environmental impact of their activities, and comply with all requirements that govern those activities
    • Adhere to all environmental requirements contained in Berkeley Lab air permits for their facility
    • Perform activities within acceptable operating standards, and maintain current records whenever required
    • Ensure that exposures of the public and the environment to radioactive emissions are kept as low as is reasonably achievable
    • Participate in programs for energy conservation, recycling, pollution prevention, and waste minimization
    • Take immediate action to stop unplanned releases to the environment, and report all instances of unplanned environmental releases to EHSS
    • Complete all required training provided by supervisors and EHSS

    Environmental Services Group

    • Develops Laboratory policies and procedures to assure that operations are conducted in an environmentally safe manner and fully comply with all applicable environmental laws, regulations, and DOE orders
    • Prepares environmental compliance plans and reports as mandated by environmental laws, regulations, and DOE orders
    • Assesses current and planned Berkeley Lab programs, and assists in defining environmental protection compliance upgrades and corrective actions
    • Identifies significant institutional environmental compliance issues, and develops cost-effective mechanisms for resolving them
    • Performs environmental dose assessments to document that radiation doses to the public and environment are maintained well below applicable standards and regulations
    • Prepares budget requests for, and manages, environmental-protection upgrades and corrective actions for institutional projects
    • Provides training, makes presentations, and participates in discussions regarding environmental-protection matters with Berkeley Lab employees, regulatory agencies, concerned public citizens, community organizations, and the media
    • Manages the preparation of environmental operating permit applications
    • Curtails or suspends operation posing an immediate danger to members of the public or the environment
    • Monitors Laboratory emissions and discharges to the environment to verify compliance with applicable regulations and permits
    • Investigates reports of unplanned environmental releases, and notifies federal, state, and local authorities in a timely manner, as required
    • Coordinates and represents Berkeley Lab activities during environmental audits and inspections by regulatory agencies and DOE
    • Responds to information requests from the public
    • Participates in DOE audits of off-site analytical laboratories to ensure the quality of analytical results received for environmental monitoring programs

    F. Definitions/Acronyms

    Term Definition

    As low as reasonably achievable (ALARA)

    An approach to radiological management and control intended to keep exposures (individual and collective) to the general public and the environment at levels as low as is reasonable, taking into account social, technical, economic, practical, and public-policy considerations. As used in the Berkeley Lab Environmental Monitoring Program, ALARA is not a dose limit but a process with the objective of attaining doses as far below the applicable controlling limits as is reasonably achievable.

    Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD)

    The local agency that regulates stationary sources of regulated or hazardous air pollutants in the San Francisco Bay Area

    Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC)

    The department within the California Environmental Protection Agency that regulates remedial actions

    East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD)

    The local municipal wastewater treatment facility that accepts and regulates sanitary sewer discharges from Berkeley Lab

    Effluent

    Any treated or untreated liquid discharge from Berkeley Lab or from a Laboratory facility

    Emission

    Any filtered or unfiltered substance released to the air from Berkeley Lab or from a Laboratory facility

    Environmental monitoring

    The collection and analysis of environmental samples or direct measurements of environmental media. Environmental monitoring consists of three major activities: effluent monitoring, environmental surveillance, and meteorological monitoring.

    Environmental surveillance

    The collection and analysis of samples, or direct measurements of air, water, soil, foodstuff, biota, and other media from Berkeley Lab and its environs in order to determine compliance with applicable standards and permit requirements, assess radiation exposures of members of the public, and assess the effects, if any, on the local environment

    Environmental occurrence

    Any sudden or sustained deviation from a regulated or planned performance at an operation that has environmental protection and compliance significance

    Hazardous air pollutant

    Any pollutant listed in Section 112(b) of the Clean Air Act

    Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW)

    A general term used for sewage treatment plants. The EBMUD plant is the POTW that accepts sewage from Berkeley Lab.

    Radionuclide

    A natural or manmade atom that spontaneously undergoes radioactive decay

    Regulated air pollutants

    Pollutants controlled by standards authorized by the Clean Air Act. They include the classes of substances defined as nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, toxic air contaminants, or ozone-depleting substances.

    State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB)

    The agency responsible for promulgating the California General Permit for Storm Water Discharge Associated with Industrial Activities. At Berkeley Lab, this permit is administered and enforced by the San Francisco Regional Water Quality Control Board, with assistance from the city of Berkeley.

    Underground storage tank (UST)

    A stationary device designed to contain an accumulation of hazardous material or waste. A UST is constructed primarily of non-earthen material, but its entire surface area is totally below the surface of, and covered by, the ground.

    United States Environmental Protection Agency

    A federal agency responsible for enforcing environmental laws. In California, some of this responsibility is typically delegated to state and local regulatory agencies.

    G. Recordkeeping Requirements

    Environmental Site Reports maintained by EHSS

    H. Implementing Documents

    Document Number

    EH&S Reference

    Title

    Type

    07.09.011.001

    ES&H Manual (PUB-3000), Chapter 62

    Environmental Monitoring

    Program

    07.09.011.002

    ES&H Manual (PUB-3000), Chapter 62, Work Process A

    Environmental Monitoring

    Process

    07.09.011.003

    LBNL-PUB-3180-2009 Environmental Management System Plan Plan

    I. Contact Information

    Environmental Protection Group Manager, Environmental Releases Program Manager
    EHSS Division

    J. Revision History

    Date

    Revision

    By whom

    Revision Description

    Section(s) affected

    Change Type

    7/5/2012

    0

    R. Pauer

    Rewrite for the wiki (brief)

    All

    Minor

    2/19/2013

    1

    R. Pauer

    Rewrite for wiki (policy)

    All

    Major

    DOCUMENT INFORMATION

    Title:

    Environmental Monitoring

    Document number

    07.09.011.000

    Revision number

    1

    Publication date:

    2/19/2013

    Effective date:

    2/19/2013

    Next review date:

    2/19/2016

    Policy Area:

    Environmental Protection Program

    RPM Section (home)

    ESH

    RPM Section (cross-reference)

    None

    Functional Division

    EHSS

    Prior reference information (optional)

    PUB-3000 Section 11.3.5 moved to Chapter 62

    Source Requirements Documents

    Regulations, Requirements, Guidelines Topic Oversight Agency

    10 CFR 20.2003

    Disposal by Release to the Sanitary Sewerage

    EPA

    17 CCR 30253

    Standards for Protection Against Radiation

    EBMUD, DPH

    22 CCR 64443

    Domestic Water Quality Maximum Contaminant Level for Radioactivity

    RWQCB

    23 CCR 2550 and 2610

    Underground Storage Tanks

    RWQCB

    23 CCR 2610-2727

    Underground Storage Tanks

    City of Berkeley

    40 CFR Part 122-125

    National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Regulations, including Stormwater Discharge (Clean Water Act)

    SWRCB, RWQCB

    40 CFR Part 136

    Guidelines Establishing Test Procedures for the Analysis of Pollutants (under the Clean Water Act)

    EPA

    40 CFR Part 280

    Standards and corrective actions for owners and operators of USTs

    City of Berkeley

    40 CFR Part 401, Subchapter N

    Effluent Guidelines and Standards (Clean Water Act)

    EBMUD

    40 CFR Part 50

    National Primary and Secondary Ambient Air Standards

    EPA

    40 CFR Part 60

    Standards of Performance for New and Modified Stationary Sources

    BAAQMD

    40 CFR Part 61

    National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants

    EPA

    40 CFR 403, Subchapter N

    General Pretreatment Regulations for Existing and New Sources of Pollution

    EBMUD

    California Health and Safety Code 25280-25299

    Underground Storage Tanks

    City of Berkeley

    DOE Order 450.1A

    Environmental Protection Program

    DOE

    DOE Order 458.1 Change 2

    Radiation Protection of the Public and Environment

    DOE

    Other Driving Requirements

    Regulations, Requirements, Guidelines Topic Oversight Agency

    40 CFR Part 58

    Ambient Air Quality Surveillance

    EPA

    DOE-STD-1153-2002

    A Graded Approach for Evaluating Radiation Doses to Aquatic and Terrestrial Biota

    DOE

    SW-846

    Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste

    EPA

    Implementing Documents

    Document Number

    EH&S Reference

    Title

    Type

    07.09.011.001

    ES&H Manual, Chapter 62

    Environmental Monitoring

    Program

    07.09.011.002

    ES&H Manual, Chapter 62, Work Process A

    Environmental Monitoring

    Process

    07.09.011.003 LBNL-PUB-3180-2009 Environmental Management System Plan Plan

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