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    Title:

    Sustainability Standards for New Construction

    Publication date:

    4/29/2019

    Effective date:

    4/29/2019

    BRIEF

    Policy Summary

    This policy identifies sustainability standards for new facilities construction at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). New facilities construction presents a unique opportunity to pursue integrated, performance-driven designs to minimize energy use and other environmental impacts associated with buildings at the lowest possible cost. The purpose of this policy is to:

    1. Reduce constraints on growth of Laboratory research.
    2. Establish a practical path to comply with federal and University of California (UC) sustainability requirements.
    3. Drive continuous improvement in the area of high-performance, low-cost building design that is consistent with the leadership position demonstrated by Berkeley Lab research.
    4. Minimize life-cycle costs within the constraints of capital budgets.
    5. Provide leadership and support for state climate-related policy and strategic goals for greenhouse gas emissions reduction.

    Who Should Read This Policy

    This policy applies to persons involved with the management of new building construction projects undertaken by the Laboratory. Section D.15, Procurement of High-Performance Computing Systems, in the POLICY tab of this policy also applies to persons involved with the procurement of major energy-consuming equipment or systems. This policy does not apply to persons involved with renovations (major or minor), retrofits, or installation of temporary structures.

    To Read the Full Policy, Go To:

    The POLICY tab on this wiki page

    Contact Information

    Chief Sustainability Officer

    Directorate

    sbl@lbl.gov


    Title:

    Sustainability Standards for New Construction

    Publication date:

    4/29/2019

    Effective date:

    4/29/2019

    POLICY

    A. Purpose

    This policy identifies sustainability standards for new facilities construction at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). New facilities construction presents a unique opportunity to pursue integrated, performance-driven designs to minimize energy use and other environmental impacts associated with buildings at the lowest possible cost. The purpose of this policy is to:

    1. Reduce constraints on growth of Laboratory research.
    2. Establish a practical path to comply with federal and University of California (UC) sustainability requirements.
    3. Drive continuous improvement in the area of high-performance, low-cost building design that is consistent with the leadership position demonstrated by Berkeley Lab research.
    4. Minimize life-cycle costs within the constraints of capital budgets.
    5. Provide leadership and support for state climate-related policy and strategic goals for greenhouse gas emissions reduction.

    B. Persons Affected

    This policy applies to persons involved with the management of new building construction projects undertaken by the Laboratory. Section D.15, Procurement of High-Performance Computing Systems, below, also applies to persons involved with the procurement of major energy-consuming equipment or systems. This policy does not apply to persons involved with renovations (major or minor), retrofits, or installation of temporary structures.

    C. Exceptions

    Exceptions to this policy require formal approval by the Laboratory Director. Exceptions are expected to be rare and not violate the spirit of the policy.

    D. Policy Statement

    1. Living Laboratory. Berkeley Lab will strive to cultivate a living laboratory in its buildings to:
      1. Support, strengthen, and apply research.
      2. Ensure that new knowledge is systematically generated to inform future projects or improve current operations.
      3. Collect information on how a building performs relative to initial goals as important feedback to future designs.
    2. Energy Efficiency — Whole-Building Performance Targets. Building designs must meet whole-building energy performance targets based on type of use. Targets will initially be less than half of typical equivalent facilities benchmarked to average energy use at the turn of the millennium. Efficiency targets will be made more stringent over time following demonstrated practical achievement of initial targets, and recognizing efficiency-enabling technology advancements. Design teams must prepare energy models to confirm compliance with targets. Models are to be developed beginning at schematic design or Critical Decision 2 (CD-2), updated with building program and material changes at end of design and end of construction administration, and represent the best estimate of as-operated building energy use and peak demands, before accounting for on-site energy generation. Targets are intended to be verifiable in actual operation. Additional guidance on setting and implementing whole-building performance targets is provided in the Implementation Guide for the Berkeley Lab Sustainability Standards for New Construction.
    3. Energy Efficiency — ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Compliance. In addition to meeting whole-building performance targets, building designs must demonstrate energy performance 30% lower than the maximum allowed by the ASHRAE Standard 90.1, before accounting for on-site energy generation. The version of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 will be as required by 10 CFR 433.
    4. Energy Efficiency — Mechanical Systems. Refrigeration cycle-based cooling may be employed in office and other low-heat-load spaces built in the mild Berkeley climate only after all other options are proven to be inadequate. An example of measures to provide appropriate space temperatures during warm weather to be pursued before refrigeration cycle-based cooling include:
      1. Building orientation (where possible).
      2. Careful window and envelope design, including limiting window-to-wall ratios in individual spaces.
      3. Shading and thermal mass.
      4. Reductions in internal thermal loads from lighting and equipment.
      5. High-performance glazing.
      6. High R-value for insulation.
      7. Pre-cooling with nighttime outside air.
      8. Occupant-controlled or automated natural ventilation.
      9. Low-energy means to improve personal comfort (such as ceiling fans).
      10. Evaporative cooling, including cooling towers (waterside economizers).
    5. Energy Efficiency — Lighting Systems. Lighting circuits and lighting controls must be designed to allow for separate control for any area with a distinct occupancy pattern. Exterior and interior lighting controls must be installed consistent with mandatory requirements in the nonresidential California energy building code (Title 24) effective as of CD-2 approval. These requirements involve multilevel lighting controls, demand-response controls, automatic daylighting controls, occupant-sensing controls, security and egress lighting, secondary interior spaces, exterior luminaires, exterior building facade and ornamental hardscape lighting, and glare control. Exterior lighting circuits shall be integrated into the sitewide exterior lighting control system where feasible, in accordance with the Implementation Guide for the Berkeley Lab Sustainability Standards for New Construction. Unless Berkeley Lab provides alternative direction, interior lighting circuits shall be controlled using lighting control systems already in use at the Lab, rather than new lighting control systems. Daylighting (with glare control) should also be considered as a primary source of illumination to reduce lighting energy use. See the Implementation Guide for information about preferred lighting control systems and guidance on targets for the design of daylighting and glare management.
    6. Fossil Fuel. No new building or major renovation shall use on-site fossil fuel combustion (for example, natural gas) for space or water heating. Projects unable to meet this requirement shall document the rationale as required by the UC Policy on Sustainable Practices.
    7. Renewables. New building projects must be designed to generate at least 7.5% of the estimated project energy consumption from a renewable energy source. At a minimum, a new building designed with solar generation must be solar ready, i.e., designed to the maximum extent feasible to enable the installation of solar photovoltaic and heating systems even if they are installed after the building is constructed. Project-specific renewable energy goals will be defined at the time the project is baselined for CD-2.
    8. Green Building. Building designs for projects exceeding $20 million must achieve a minimum LEED Gold certification. For high-energy mission-specific facilities (HEMSFs), non-office and non-laboratory portions of the project without directly applicable LEED criteria may be excluded from the project submitted for certification, consistent with U.S. Green Building Council guidance.
    9. Waste Minimization and Diversion. In support of zero waste (>90%):
      1. Building designs must comply with a zero-waste (>90%) action plan that will be developed for each project by the Berkeley Lab Chief Sustainability Officer or designee in collaboration with the building design team.
      2. A minimum of 80% (by weight) of waste from the building construction and demolition project must diverted from the landfill in accordance with the requirements in the LEED v4 credit on "Construction and demolition waste management." Construction waste diversion is covered in Master Specification 017419 (see Implementing Documents). The Lab will provide a point of contact to coordinate with the contractor in advance of the construction start regarding compliance with the specification, which defines a construction waste diversion plan and reporting requirements. Materials should be source-separated if possible. If construction and demolition materials are comingled and sent to a mixed-recovery facility, that facility must have third-party verification of facility-average recycling rates as described in LEED credit MRpc87.
      3. The building design should avoid distributed use of batteries where feasible, and batteries to automate faucets and toilet flushes shall not be used. Batteries used for emergency lighting are an exception.
    10. Water. All new construction projects must achieve the following credits that are not currently required as prerequisites within the LEED rating system:
      1. Indoor Water Use Reduction from fixtures 30–40% below baseline and as required for appliance and process water
      2. Outdoor Water Use Reduction so that landscaping does not require a permanent irrigation system beyond a maximum two-year establishment.
    11. Transportation. All new construction projects must:
      1. Achieve the Bicycle Facilities credit within the LEED rating system (generally related to bicycle storage and showers, currently voluntary within LEED and not required as a prerequisite).
      2. Install Level 2 electrical vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) or provide conduit with a conductor for at least one parking space used by the project.
      3. Be served by the Berkeley Lab shuttle system or other means to reduce vehicle parking requirements.
    12. Metering and Metrics. Interval metering is required to confirm as-operated building performance. Meters are to be integrated into an electronic system that will allow ongoing monitoring of metered data. Interval metering is required for:
      1. Each energy commodity at the building level (electricity, natural gas, delivered chilled water, delivered hot water, delivered steam).
      2. Inputs and outputs (energy and thermal flows) to major energy-using systems (chiller plants, boiler plants, water-heating systems) — and individual pieces of equipment that make up these systems — sufficient to calculate operational efficiencies.
      3. Electricity end-use metering (which can be achieved cost-effectively if electrical circuits are separated by end-use and metering is specified as part of the electrical breaker) for the categories of HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), lighting, plug loads, significant atypical loads (such as high-performance computing systems, data centers, server rooms, commercial kitchens, or high-energy mission-specific facilities), and other loads (i.e., all remaining loads) . Metering for office and laboratory spaces should be separated wherever practical.
      4. On-site generation, such as renewable electric or thermal systems.
      5. Water end-use metering for the categories of domestic cold water, domestic hot water, industrial cold water, industrial hot water, reverse osmosis water, reverse osmosis reject water, and cooling tower makeup, cooling tower blowdown (including overflow and manual drain lines), and significant atypical process loads. A significant, expected process load consumption would be greater than 10% of total building consumption. Project drawings and specifications must include (1) a schedule of meters (points list) that includes all metering points across all commodities (2) a key indicating the specification section that applies to each meter in the schedule of meters (3) an integration diagram indicating integration paths between meters and information systems (4) a schedule of performance metrics, including formulas using meters from the schedule of meters, units, and applicable design targets.
    13. Design Assumptions. The following information will be documented by design teams for each building design and included in the basis of design and on project drawings:
      1. Most likely maximum (MLM) loads, design loads, and lowest partial load conditions assumed for the mechanical, electrical, and plumbing basis of design.
        1. For all equipment and subsystems, the applied margins of safety between the MLM and the design conditions must be reviewed to ensure that they represent an appropriate balance between extra capacity and the available budget.
      2. Solar-ready on-site renewable generation potential per building (annual kWh/gsf).
        1. This number will be maintained going forward along with actual project generation.
    14. Reporting. The Chief Sustainability Officer will collaborate with site contacts to compile an annual performance report that includes as-operated performance in comparison to whole-building performance targets and metering points identified in Section D.12, Metering and Metrics, of this policy. All underlying data will be made transparent and available.
    15. Procurement of High-Performance Computing Systems. Award of procurement contracts for high-performance computing systems exceeding $1 million must consider a life-cycle cost that includes estimated energy cost over the useful life of the equipment as an evaluation criteria.
    16. Peer Reviews. External peer reviews, managed by the Senior Project Manager, are required for mechanical, electrical, and plumbing designs if requested by the Chief Sustainability Officer and needed to confirm compliance with this policy.

    E. Roles and Responsibilities

    Role

    Responsibility

    Facilities Division Director

    Implements this policy

    Chief Sustainability Officer

    • Assesses consistency or conflict with this policy at all major project milestones, including design team selection, input and review of schematic and detailed design, value engineering, construction, and commissioning.
    • Coordinates and prepares Zero-Waste Action Plans.
    • Reports annually as defined in Section D.14 of this policy.

    New Building Senior Project Director

    After each new building project, provides an update to the Laboratory Director that includes (1) a summary of project performance with respect to the policy, (2) successes and challenges in implementing the policy, and (3) an assessment of the effectiveness and cost-appropriateness of the policy with suggestions for improvement.

    Laboratory Director

    As needed, convenes a committee to update the policy.

    F. Definitions/Acronyms

    Term

    Definition

    ASHRAE Standard 90.1

    American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers Standard 90.1 - Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings

    Electrical vehicle supply equipment (EVSE)

    Electrical vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), commonly called a charging station, connects an electric vehicle to electrical power and includes electrical safety equipment

    High-energy mission-specific facility (HEMSF)

    High-energy mission-specific facilities (HEMSFs) are defined by the U.S. Department of Energy. HEMSFs are separately constructed mission‐specific facilities, such as accelerators (particle and light sources), reactors (fusion and fission), high-performance computers, high-performance lasers and similar facilities, and the closely coupled conventional facilities necessary for their operations.

    LEED rating system

    LEED or Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design is a program that provides third-party verification of green buildings. Building projects satisfy prerequisites and earn points to achieve different levels of certification. Prerequisites and credits differ for each rating system.

    Living laboratory

    A living laboratory refers to an operational built environment in which applied research projects are conducted. The intent of a living laboratory is to ground research questions in a relevant operational context and enable quicker adoption of new techniques to achieve operational goals.

    Solar ready

    Solar ready is defined as a building design that includes key aspects to enable solar photovoltaic and heating systems at some time after the building is constructed. For guidance, see the Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide (NREL/TP-7A2-46078). Solar ready includes steps to define a viable third-party (or self-financed) renewable energy project within the project boundary and steps to lower the cost of the project, such as orienting structures for maximum energy generation potential, maximizing free rooftop or parking-lot space, and providing open conduit and breaker space.

    Zero-Waste Action Plan

    A written plan applying to the operations of the building that:

    1. Includes an estimate of the weight and volume of all waste streams, including at least solid waste (where construction and demolition waste is tracked separately from routine waste), medical waste, and hazardous waste.
    2. Targets zero waste for solid waste and encourages waste minimization and diversion for all waste streams.
    3. Describes the management approach for each waste stream.
    4. Describes how the building design supports the chosen management approaches for each waste stream.
    5. Identifies further actions necessary to support the action plan.
    6. Establishes diversion metrics to be reported.

    G. Recordkeeping Requirements

    See Section D.14, Reporting, of this policy.

    H. Implementing Documents

    Implementation Guide for the Berkeley Lab Sustainability Standards for New Construction
    Master Specification 017419 Construction Waste Management

    I. Contact Information

    Chief Sustainability Officer

    Directorate

    sbl@lbl.gov

    J. Revision History

    Date

    Revision

    By whom

    Revision Description

    Section(s) affected

    Change Type

    9/18/2013

    0

    J. Elliott

    New

    All

    Major

    3/8/2019

    1

    J. Elliott

    Update

    D.2-D.14


    DOCUMENT INFORMATION

    Title:

    Sustainability Standards for New Construction

    Document number

    09.01.004.000

    Revision number

    0

    Publication date:

    4/29/2019

    Effective date:

    4/29/2019

    Next review date:

    3/20/2022

    Policy Area:

    Major Construction

    RPM Section (home)

    Facilities Management

    RPM Section (cross-reference)

    None

    Functional Division

    Sustainability Office

    Prior reference information (optional)

    None

    Source Requirements Documents

    • Federal sustainability requirements contained in EPACT 2005, EISA 2007, and EO 13834
    • UC Sustainable Practices Policy available at http://sustainability.universityofcalifornia.edu/policy.html
    • DOE O 436.1, Departmental Sustainability
    • Contract 31, Clause I.140, DEAR 970.5223-7, Sustainable Acquisition Program (Sep 2010)
    • Contract 31, Clause I.138, DEAR 952.223-78 Sustainable Acquisition Program (Sep 2010)

    Other References

    • Laboratory Director's Committee Consensus Policy Recommendations – Sustainability Standards for New Construction, February 2013.

    Implementing Documents

    Not applicable

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